Right to Life and Medical Technology - Christianity: Ethics AQA (A) GCSE

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  • Created on: 21-05-13 22:22
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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
The Right To Life
Abortion
Legal grounds for abortion
Up to 24 weeks
Risk to physical health of woman
Risk to mental health
Risk to health of existing children
Up to term
Probability of grave injury to woman's physical and mental health
Risk to life of woman
Risk of severe mental or physical disability in the foetus.
For Against
No child should be unwanted Alternatives such as adoption
Embryo is just a clump of cells Life begins at conception
A young girl isn't ready for the A young girl isn't mature enough to deal
responsibilities of motherhood with guilt after abortion either
It is cruel to make a raped woman go Wrong to punish a child for father's action
through pregnancy
The mother has the right to choose Mother is making choices for someone
else as well
Aborting a disabled foetus is in Wrong for those without disability to
everyone's best interest make quality of life judgments about
people with a disability
The woman knows what's best for herself Her emotional state may cloud her
judgment
Arguments for and against abortion

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
When does life begin?
At conception
-Roman Catholic's and many Protestants take this pro-life view
-Conception is a new person with potential
At birth
-The pro-choice view
-Independent life starts at birth, as the foetus is dependant on the
mother.
Viability
-The view taken by the law
-The foetus has rights when it could survive outside the womb (24
weeks)
A gradual process
-Protestant view
-Embryo has right to respect at conception, but full rights come as the
foetus develops.…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
Not for humans to pass judgement on quality of life for a
disabled foetus.
Wrong to punish a child for father's sin in case of rape. Good
coming out of evil.
Unwanted child can be adopted ­ brings joy to infertile
couples
Practical and emotion support given by Roman Catholic
community.…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
Voluntary euthanasia ­ request by person for doctor to end life of intolerable
suffering.
Non-voluntary euthanasia ­ person is unable to make a decision (e.g. in a
coma) Euthanasia is thought to be in that person's best interests.
Involuntary euthanasia ­ person is put to death without being consulted.…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
The hospice movement
Place of rest for the terminally ill
Based on belief all people have right to be given the best possible care
and to die with dignity
Palliative care to enable quality of life right until death
Counselling for patient and family
Views of most Christian Churches on euthanasia
Totally opposed to all forms of active euthanasia
Only God has the right to take life
The body is sacred, `temple of the Holy Spirit'
`Do not commit murder'
Self-determination has…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
The Use of Medical Technology
Methods of treatment
AIH: (artificial insemination by husband)
-The husband's sperm is collected and inserted into the woman's vagina.
Fertilisation occurs naturally.
AID: (artificial insemination by donor)
-Same process but donors donate sperm
IVF (in-vitro fertilisation)
-increases number of eggs that ripen
-they are collected and put in a dish
-fertilised with sperm that has been collected
-one or two embryos are put into the uterus
-spare embryos frozen.…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2
Genetic Engineering
Human genetic engineering is permitted for two types of gene therapy:
somatic cell therapy and the creation of saviour siblings.
Somatic cell therapy
Adds, enhances or replaces a defective gene.
Christian attitudes to somatic cell therapy
For Against
Roman Catholics regard it as morally Some individual oppose it although
expectable as it's aimed at healing. they accept intentions are good.…read more

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CHRISTIANITY: ETHICS 2…read more

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