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THEORY…read more

Slide 2

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Right realism originates from
Wilson's work (1975) who argued
that sociology does not explain or
solve the problems of crime.
Right realists believe the best
solution to tackle crime is to
increase the risks of detection to
For example: A criminal less
likely to burgled a house in an
area that is known to be part of a
neighbourhood watch.…read more

Slide 3

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There a five key features to Right Realism. They are the following:
1. Value consensus and shared morality underpin society
Set values are protected by laws which ensure that the value consensus is
maintained. Social order is crucial as individuals should not have to fear
criminals or be a victim of crime.
2. People are naturally self-fish
People can take shortcuts into gaining possessions by committing crimes,
such as stealing, and have no care about the consequences of their
actions on others.
E.g. Stealing a Mercedes instead of saving some money and buying one.
3. Community control
The most effective form of crime control and prevention is by strengthening
the bonds of the community (Suggested by Hirschi in the Social bonds
theory). Stricter socialisation through the family and education creates a
greater sense of individual responsibility and is more likely to be effective
than police action. (The opposite of this causes some crime and anti-social
behaviour.…read more

Slide 4

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4. Rational choice and opportunity
People weigh up the good and bad consequences of
their actions before they carry them out. This is the
same for a person thinking of committing a criminal
act. Cornish and Clark (1986) used this in crime,
stating that people who choose to commit crime
believe that the benefits gained are greater than the
potential costs.
The solution they put forward was to increase the
costs of the criminal act by introducing heavier
policing so that the opportunities for committing
crime is reduced whilst the risk of being caught is
5. Crime will always exist
It's a waste of time trying to find out the causes of
social crime because there will always be some
people whose natural self-interest and greed will slip
through the establishments set up against them.
There's always one (!)…read more

Slide 5

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Wilson and Kelling (1982) developed the broken down
window thesis.
This thesis basically states that if anti-social behaviour
of all kinds (`incivilities') are not kept to a minimum,
then the neighbourhood will gradually deteriorate due
to noise, litter, graffiti and vandalism.
Crime rates grow in the neighbourhood because people
believe that they can do anything they want without
having to worry about the consequences.
Disorder causes the bonds of the community to weaken.
This is why is called the `broken window thesis' as it
indicates vandalism.
To overcome this, police should have zero tolerance to
all crimes and anti- social behaviour. This would keep
cohesion in communities and keep neighbourhoods safe.…read more

Slide 6

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It evaluates the immediate causes of
crime & provide the policies for
reducing the opportunities for crime.
Recognises that if anti-social
behaviour is not controlled then they
may grow into serious crimes and
destroy communities
Recognises the importance of
community control and community
responses to crime.…read more

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