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Key features
Tehran conference 1943
Roosevelt wanted to improve relations between the 3 allies and agreed to hold the conference in Iran. The
conference was mainly a success for Stalin who achieved most of what he wanted. This was because Roosevelt was ill
and generally sided with Stalin rather than…

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Soviet did not remove military from the countries they occupied and occupied many more countries like
Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia...
Stalin set up a communist government in Poland ignoring the USA, Britain, the opinions of the poles and
agreements at Yalta. He said he did this to protect the USSR against…

Page 3

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Events in Greece- royalist government won elections but communist refused to give up and starters a
guerrilla war. Britain had troops but could not keep supporting Greece and turkey. USA stepped in out of fear
that they would become communist countries.

To put pressure on the Soviet Union. They had…

Page 4

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Stalin feared a reunited Germany with western currency and democratic ideas would spread to soviet zone
and undermine eastern Berlin.

Key features:
Truman saw Berlin as a test; if they gave in to Stalin he would soon take over Germany, He wanted Berlin to
be a symbol of freedom behind…

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Communism was growing in the east. China had fallen under communism in 1950 and this soon led to the
domino theory becoming reality.




They went backwards and forwards for three years before the US (Eisenhower) offered peace but
threatened using an atomic bomb if China declined the offer.

Results

An…

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The speech was only made public a month later in Belgrade and Washington and only publicised in the
Soviet Union in 1988.

It had a dramatic effect on Eastern-Europe, many countries of which thought de-Stalinisation would lead to
change. Poland and Hungary were especially expecting change due to Stalinisation.



Hungarian…

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Nagy released political prisoners (Leader of Catholic Church in Hungary; Cardinal Mindszenty - imprisoned for
life in 1949 by Rakosi and published his reforms (free elections, freedom of press, speech and worship...)
One controversial decision was his plan to withdraw from the Warsaw pact.

Khrushchev was being pressured by China…

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Berlin Crisis 2 (the wall) 1961
Causes
Problems in East Germany- Berlin continued to be a problem for both the USA and the Soviet Union. The
soviets wanted to remove allies from West Berlin as it was a symbol of the success of capitalism and
Western Europe within communist territory.…

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take-off. Due to this humiliation the US were even more determined to succeed and so formed NASA
resulting in a successful rocket launching in January 1958.

The ultimate humiliation for the USA came on the 12th of April 1961 when Yuri Gagarin was successfully
launched into space and completed a…

Page 10

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saved Cuba from war and succeeded in the removal of missiles from turkey, he was eventually removed in
1964.

There was a huge relief that the superpowers had not gone to war and to prevent this from happening
again an emergency hotline was set up so that the two leaders…

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