Revision notes on area of study 3, popular music in context

Concise notes on popular music in context

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  • Created on: 10-06-09 09:25
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Popular Music in context
Jamaican Dub
o 1970s style of reggae
o A+B ­ B is instrumental version only.
o E.g. Bob Marley
o DJs used echo, reverb, fading, recorded rap over B side.
o Offshoot of 1960s American soul music
o Riff based
o Jazz harmonies
o Bass Guitar
o Long sections with same rhythms repeated.
o E.g. James Brown
o Up tempo dance ­early 1970s
o Four on the floor bass drum
o Guitar driven energy
o Synthesised sounds
o 1970s
o `toasting' ­ rap
o Turn tables ­ mixing between two discs
Dance Music:
o Four on the floor bass drum
o Samples
o Synthesiser riffs
o 120 bpm
o Shares similar drum patterns to house, greater use of purely
synthetic sounds.
o 120 ­ 140 bpm
Drum and bass jungle
o Little more than a drum loop and a heavy bass line
o 170 bpm
Hip- hop/ rap
o Characterized by rhythmic, rhyming rap vocals
R&B/ urban
o Soul influenced
o Tight, syncopated drum programming
DJ Techniques:
SCRATCHING - moving a disc back and forth in order to repeat a
section of music several times.

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BEAT MATCHING ­ adjusting the speed at which a recording will be
played to match the tempo of the last track.
MIXING ­ two recordings are mixed together (blending different sound
BREAKBEAT ­ mixing between identical breaks
CUEING ­ finding a good place for a mix in.…read more

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Panning- Is the positioning of a sound in the stereo field; this may be
used to give the impression that the sound is moving from side to side.
Compression- Used in very modern pop production. It's the process of
evening up the sound by reducing the dynamic range.…read more


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