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SUPERPOWER RELATIONS
SHORT NOTES

PART 1
THE ROOTS OF THE COLD WAR

A)
Int
rodu ct
ion

By
the end of
the
S econd Wo r
ld Wa r
,
the US A
a nd
the USS R were
the worl
d '
s
t
w o
SU P ERP…

Page 2

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Europe once t
he war ended.

Presi
dent Roosevelt
got
on reasonably
w el
l
w i
th
S t
ali
n.
H owever,
C hur
chil
l
and
St
a l
i
n
got on
ba dl
y.
D espi
te
these personali
ty
clashes,
t
hey reached sever…

Page 3

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PART 2
HOW DID THE COLD WAR DEVELOP BETWEEN 1945 ­ 1949?

A)
S t
ali
n's
take over
of East
e r
n Eu r
ope
1946
­ 1948

Wh y
did Stal
in
w ant
to
take over
E ast
ern Europe?


H e
w anted t
o…

Page 4

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economic ai
d plan.
I
t became
kn own as
Ma rshall
Ai
d (or
t
h e
Ma rshal
l
P l
an).
The
USA
put $17
b i
ll
i
o n
int
o helpi
ng
E ur
op e'
s shat
tered economies r
eco ver
.…

Page 5

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(
3 )
The C ol
d war was now f
u l
l
y under way.
PAR T 3

PART 3
SUPER POWER RIVALRY 1949 ­ 61

A)
B ackground

Stal
in
die d
in
19 53.
I
n 1955 Niki
ta Khrushchev
b ecame
leader
of
the
U…

Page 6

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Wh at
happene d?

1
In
O ctober
fi
ghti
n g
broke out
i
n
Bu dapest
between H ungari
ans and Soviet

t
roops.
Th i
s l
ed t
o a new governme nt
under a
popu l
ar
leader,
Imre Nagy.
Khrushchev backed down
and wit…

Page 7

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E)
The
Arms
R ace

The Arms Race
w as
a
race bet
w een t
he superpow er
s
to
buil
d bi
g ger
and mo r
e
dest
ructi
ve wea pons.


Key f
eatures

·
I
t
b egan i
n t
h e
19 40s,…

Page 8

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Wh at
H appened?

The cri
si
s l
a st
ed t
w o
w eeks and
very nearl
y l
ed t
o war.

·
Du r
ing Septemb er
1962 Soviet
shi
ps st
a r
ted t
aking
40
nuclear
missil
es t
o
Cuba .…

Page 9

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T est

B an
Treaty.


T ension i
n mid 60'
s
R e l
ati
ons worsene d
be cause
·
the USA
beca me i
n vol
ved i
n
Vietnam f
rom 196 4
onw ards
·
the USS R i
nvad ed
C zechoslovaki
a i…

Page 10

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and
su ppor
t opposi
n g
sides
in
co nf
li
cts,
eg i
n t
he
Middle East.


2
In
1 979
the USS R i
nvaded
AF GH ANIST AN
in
order
to pr
op
up a c
o mmu ni
st

government.

3
In
1 980…

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