Revision notes for whole of the cold war

Hope you guys find it useful

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 07-04-11 16:46
Preview of Revision notes for whole of the cold war

First 823 words of the document:

SUPERPOWER RELATIONS
SHORT NOTES
PART 1
THE ROOTS OF THE COLD WAR
A)
Int
rodu ct
ion
By
the end of
the
S econd Wo r
ld Wa r
,
the US A
a nd
the USS R were
the worl
d '
s
t
w o
SU P ERP OWE R S.
Th i
s mean s
they were
stronger,
bett
er
arme d and
mo re
successful
t
han
all
ot
he r
countr
ies.
The y
w er
e cl
e ar
ly
in
a di
ffer
e nt
l
eagu e
fr
o m
ot
her pow er
s,
such
as Bri
tai
n
and
France.
The good news for
worl
d
pea ce
w as
that
in
1 945
these t
w o
sup er
p owers
w ere
al
li
ed ­
w orki
ng
together
i
n
the
b at
tl
e against
Hit
ler.
I
n Ma y
1945
they
me t
ea ch
ot
her i
n Berli
n.
B)
So, why did
these f
orme r
fr
iends Fal
l
ou t
?
The bi
g reason:
dif
ferent
beli
efs
I
n t
he
pa st
,
the USA
and
the
U SS R had al
w ays
bee n
very
susp i
cious
of
e ach
ot
her.
Th ey
h ad
total
ly
dif
fer
e nt
beli
efs
ab out
how
a countr
y should
be run.
They
were
a l
l
ies duri
ng t
he
w ar
only
be cause
they had t
he same
ene my ­
H i
tl
er's
Germa ny.
Ame r
ican Societ
y was based on t
w o key
ideas:
D emocracy and CAP I
TA LI
S M.
D emocracy me ant
that
t
h e
A merican
P r
esident
an d
C ongress were el
ected i
n
f
ree el
ecti
o ns.
They coul
d be voted
o ut
i
f
the Ame r
ican peopl
e w er
e unhapp y
wi
th t
hem.
C api
tal
ism me ant
that
property
and
businesses w er
e own ed
by pri
vate
i
ndivi
dua l
s.
Sovi
e t
soci
e t
y was based on CO MMU N I
S M.
It
was a one part
y st
ate.
The r
e w er
e elect
ions,
but
the Soviet
peop l
e coul
d only
el
ect
C ommu n i
sts.
Industr
y wa s
organised
an d r
u n
by the
state.
The ot
he r
reasons:
they
fal
l
o ut
at
Y al
ta
an d
P ot
sdam
Agreeme nts
at
Y al
ta
I
n February 1945,
Stali
n (
U SSR ),
Churchil
l
(UK) and Roosevelt
(USA )
me t
at
Yal
ta.
A t
t
h at
t
ime, t
he war was going
w el
l
a nd
it
was cl
ear t
hat t
he All
ies
w er
e
goi
ng to
w i
n. The t
hree l
eade r
s me t
t
o plan
w hat
to
do
about
G erma ny
and

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Europe once t
he war ended.
Presi
dent Roosevelt
got
on reasonably
w el
l
w i
th
S t
ali
n.
H owever,
C hur
chil
l
and
St
a l
i
n
got on
ba dl
y.
D espi
te
these personali
ty
clashes,
t
hey reached sever
al
i
mp ort
ant agr
e ements.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

PART 2
HOW DID THE COLD WAR DEVELOP BETWEEN 1945 ­ 1949?
A)
S t
ali
n's
take over
of East
e r
n Eu r
ope
1946
­ 1948
Wh y
did Stal
in
w ant
to
take over
E ast
ern Europe?
H e
w anted t
o set
up a BU FFE R ZON E of
countri
es i
n Easter
n
Europe t
o
pr
otect
the US SR
against
another i
nvasion
b y
G er
ma ny.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

I
t became
kn own as
Ma rshall
Ai
d (or
t
h e
Ma rshal
l
P l
an).
The
USA
put $17
b i
ll
i
o n
int
o helpi
ng
E ur
op e'
s shat
tered economies r
eco ver
.
F ood,
machinery,
animals
a nd
co unt
less ot
her i
tems were shi
pp ed
to democrati
c
count
ries
in
E urope.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

The C ol
d war was now f
u l
l
y under way.
PAR T 3
PART 3
SUPER POWER RIVALRY 1949 ­ 61
A)
B ackground
Stal
in
die d
in
19 53.
I
n 1955 Niki
ta Khrushchev
b ecame
leader
of
the
U SS R.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Wh at
happene d?
1
In
O ctober
fi
ghti
n g
broke out
i
n
Bu dapest
between H ungari
ans and Soviet
t
roops.
Th i
s l
ed t
o a new governme nt
under a
popu l
ar
leader,
Imre Nagy.
Khrushchev backed down
and wit
hd r
ew
S ovi
et
tr
o ops
from Hun gary.
2
N agy'
s new
gove r
nme nt
incl
ude d
non commu ni
sts.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

E)
The
Arms
R ace
The Arms Race
w as
a
race bet
w een t
he superpow er
s
to
buil
d bi
g ger
and mo r
e
dest
ructi
ve wea pons.
Key f
eatures
·
I
t
b egan i
n t
h e
19 40s,
wh en
the Soviet
Union
tri
ed t
o
construct
an at
omic bomb
t
o bal
a nce
the bomb t
hat
the US A had
d evel
oped
in
19 45.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Wh at
H appened?
The cri
si
s l
a st
ed t
w o
w eeks and
very nearl
y l
ed t
o war.
·
Du r
ing Septemb er
1962 Soviet
shi
ps st
a r
ted t
aking
40
nuclear
missil
es t
o
Cuba .
They were accomp ani
ed by
a r
ms
ex per
ts,
tr
oops even t
a nks
to
protect
t
he
missi
les.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

T est
B an
Treaty.
T ension i
n mid 60'
s
R e l
ati
ons worsene d
be cause
·
the USA
beca me i
n vol
ved i
n
Vietnam f
rom 196 4
onw ards
·
the USS R i
nvad ed
C zechoslovaki
a i
n 1968,
in
a
repeat
of
it
s act
ions
in
H u ngary.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Middle East.
2
In
1 979
the USS R i
nvaded
AF GH ANIST AN
in
order
to pr
op
up a c
o mmu ni
st
government.
3
In
1 980
R ON ALD
R EAG AN became US
P r
esident.
He was st
ron gly
anti
commu nist
and cal
led
the
U SS R `
the
E vi
l
E mpir
e '
.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »