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The following things have been used in lots of questions
on all papers since 2004. You are bound to be asked about
these so you MUST understand them.

asked to name an instrument playing something. If
you don't play in a band or…

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these answers). They mean things that are
happening in the music, such as SEQUENCE,
PEDAL, IMITATION (See the Glossary at the back
for definitions).

TEXTURE. You will be asked to describe the texture
at a given point in the music. Texture means the
ways that sounds are combined together. I…

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CADENCES. You will be asked to name or describe a
cadence at a given point. Cadences are musical
punctuation, you can think of them as commas and
full stops. There are several kinds but you really
need only think of 2. PERFECT CADENCE is a
musical full stop. IMPERFECT CADENCE…

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ELECTRONIC EFFECTS. You will be asked to name
an effect used in a piece of popular music. They
mean an electric effect which has been used to
alter the sound. Do not confuse this with a playing
effect like strumming a guitar for example. The
most usual effects are ­…

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THE BAROQUE SUITE. You will get a question in
which you have to identify which kind of dance you
are listening to. You must memorise them.

MINUET ­ has 3 beats to a bar and it is at a medium
speed. It is easy to confuse this with a waltz…

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The following terms have all appeared in the listening
test since 2004. Many have appeared more than once
and some have been in every one. You MUST memorise

ACCELERANDO ­ the music gets gradually faster.

ACCENT ­ Means that a note is given more emphasis or
stress than…

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DRONE ­note or notes that carry on throughout the
music, like bagpipes.

DYNAMICS ­ just means the louds and quiets in the
music and how they change. This is REALLY
IMPORTANT and you would be surprised how many
people don't know. REMEMBER IT.

GLISSANDO ­ sliding from one note to…

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SEQUENCE ­ when a pattern of notes is played or sung
again but slightly higher or lower, usually by the same
instrument or voice. Another favourite one this.

SFORZANDO ­ When a bit suddenly stands out in the

STACCATO ­ when notes are played short and detached.
Sounds jumpy.…


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