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Revision ­ Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are made from monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are long and complex molecules made of long chains of monosaccharides.
Single monosaccharides are also called carbohydrates.
Glucose is a carbohydrate composed of 6 carbons. There are two forms of glucose,
glucose glucose




Glucose is soluble so it can be easily…

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Cells get energy from glucose. Animals store excess glucose as glycogen ­ another
polysaccharide of glucose.
Long, branched, lots of side branches ­ lots of side branches means that stored glucose can
be released quickly, which is important for energy release in animals.
Very compact molecule ­ good for storage.…

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