Return to normalcy

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Return to Normalcy in Foreign Policy
Normalcy
A return to the way of life before World War I
Promise in US presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's campaign the election of 1920
Warren G. Harding won the election of 1920 by a landslide on the promise of a "return to
normalcy"
Which, for Republicans in the 1920s, meant a return to big business
Where the country was governed by the principles of laissez-faire
"not heroes but healing, not nostrums but normalcy, not revolution but
restoration"
Foreign Policy Problems
How to maintain political and economic control of Latin America
How to contain Germany but also allow it to recovery
How to cope with the Soviet Union and it's revolutionary beliefs
How to manage competition in the Far East, especially China
How to recover war debts from the allies and reparations from Germany
How to reassure Frances security as Germany recovered
Isolationist policies Vs Involvement Policies
Isolationist Policies Involvement Policies
Immigration restriction Acts Support for the League and attendance
Refusal to join the World Court of 40 meetings
Withdrawal of American troops from 1924 Dawes Plan to reschedule
Cuba/Dominican Republic/Nicaragua Germanys payments
Clark Memorandum officially Washington Naval Conference 1921-3
repudiates the Roosevelt Corollary Limits of naval capacity
Britain, Japan, France & Britain
consult each other on Pacific
matters
Territorial position of China
Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 renounced
the use of war
Success or Failure
Success Fail
Reduced naval spending & prevented a Washington Naval conference lacked
Naval Race enforcement
Ensured war debts would be paid by Kellog-Briand Pact also had no
helping Germany with reparation mechanism for enforcement
payments Japan feeling resentful
Better relations with Latin Germany were pressed for
America/Japan reparations, allies were impatient
Outlaw of war appeased the public

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How Isolationist was the US after WWI?
For Isolationist Against Isolationist
Isolationists like Senator Lodge, Long standing Anglo-Japanese alliance (1902)
refused to allow the US to sign the obligated Britain to aid Japan in the event on a
Treaty Japanese war with US
Security Treaty with France was also Goals; naval disarmament and the political
rejected by the Senate situations in the Far East
The Knox­Porter Resolution was Washington Naval Treaty (1922)
passed by Congress and signed by AKA the Five Powers Treaty
President Warren…read more

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