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Ocean Trenches are formed when two oceanic plates collide. The less dense of the two plates will ride
over the edge of the older plate which results in the older plate bending downwards. This is how the trench
is formed.
People use Fold Mountains for farming, tourism and forestry. In the summer, farmers take their cattle to
the high pastures and in the winter they take them back to the lower ground as it is too cold at the top.…read more

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Abandonment of the capital city.
The British government gave money for compensation and redevelopment.
Unemployment rose due to the collapse of the tourist industry.
Long-term responses and results
An exclusion zone was set up in the volcanic region.
A volcanic observatory was built to monitor the volcano.
New roads and a new airport were built.
Services in the north of the island were expanded.
The presence of the volcano resulted in a growth in tourism.…read more

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Earthquake energy is released in seismic waves. These waves spread out from the focus. The
waves are felt most strongly at the epicentre, becoming less strong as they travel further away.
The most severe damage caused by an earthquake will happen close to the epicentre.
Social impacts Economic impacts Environmental impacts
Shortterm People may be killed or injured. Homes Shops and business may be The built landscape may be destroyed.
(immediate) may be destroyed. Transport and destroyed. Looting may take place.…read more

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Sichuan Earthquake, China 2008 (LEDC)
The 2008 Sichuan Earthquake (pronounced Sitch-Wan) registered 8.0 on the Richter Scale. Sichuan is
in a densely populated area of central China. The focus of the earthquake was 19km deep, directly over
Wenchuan where the epicentre of the earthquake was. Shockwaves were felt as far away as Shanghai
(1700km away), where some tall buildings were evacuated. In Chengdu, the capital of the province,
many cracks occurred in buildings but there were no reports of building collapse.…read more

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Main impacts
A quarter of a million people died.
Two million people were made homeless.
People were swept away in the waters, which arrived rapidly and with little warning.
Thirteen countries were affected, the worst being Indonesia.
Indonesia was hit by the tsunami first. Fourty-five minutes later the tsunami reached Thailand.
Mangrove swamps helped to act as a barrier to reduce the energy of the water in some areas.…read more


Mr A Gibson

Some top quality visuals with accompanying bulleted text covering lots of the major points on this topic. Explanations fit with the diagrams to help develop your understanding.

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