Response Time (Relevant to Basketball)

A powerpoint all about response time in relation to basketball including the importance of response time, how to develop it, external factors that effect it and methods to reduce those factors

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Slide 1

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Response Time ­ The time from the
onset of the stimulus to the
completion of the movement. For
example the time from the gun going
off to the sprinter crossing the finish
TIME…read more

Slide 2

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Response Time is very important in the game of
basketball, it is used in many different skills such as:
· Passing ­ A pass must be timed to respond to the position of the
defender and the person ready to catch the ball
· Defending a shot ­ Defending a shot must be timed so the player can
jump at the time the ball is released from the other players hands
· Rebounding ­ The player must jump in response to the shot going
up to catch the ball effectively before another player
· Dribbling ­ When dribbling response time is needed to bounce the
ball again every time it comes back up, especially when dribbling
through the legs or behind the back
· Lay up ­ When doing a lay up it is important to respond at the right
time to dribble past the defender and aim the shot while at the correct
distance from the basket
· Catching ­ Response time is very important in catching for a player
to have their hands out when the ball is heading towards them,
especially in a
pass on the move
· Zone Defence ­ To move accurately out to a player when they
receive the ball or look like a threat to the basket and react to their…read more

Slide 3

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There are many ways to improve an athletes response
time, coaches will try to do this to increase a players
overall performance, these methods include:
· Practice ­ The response may become automatic if enough practice is put
in place, giving the performer a kinaesthetic feel for the response
·Mental rehearsal ­ Activates neuromuscular system acting like physical
training, enables the performer to ensure they attend to the correct cues and
·Experience ­ Taking part in the activity on numerous occasions enhances
the performers awareness of the occurrence of stimuli
·Stimulus-response compatibility ­ If the expected response is the
automatic response the performer will act quicker than with a different
·Cue detection ­ Analysing an opponents game for quicker anticipation of
their decision
·Improve the performers physical fitness ­ Influences speed and as a result
response time
·Selective attention / Concentration - Helps the performer focus on the
stimulus only to block out various other distractions
·Level of arousal / motivation ­ Ensuring the performer has the correct
level of motivation for the activity
·Warm-up ­ Ensuring mental and physical preparation for the activity
·Spatial anticipation ­ The ability to predict what will happen…read more

Slide 4

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There are many external factors that effect response
time, these include:
· If a warning is given ­ If the stimulus is expected, the reaction
time will be quicker. The point guard will shout to the forward on
the fast break to speed up their response time and ensure they
catch the ball in time to lay it up
·Stimulus intensity ­ Bright colours or loud noises act as a more
efficient stimulus for response time. The ball is orange, this means
it is seen easier as well as a constant shouting from all of the players
on both teams as well as the coach to improve response time
·Stimulus-response compatibility ­ if the stimulus happens often,
the player will be more adapted to having a quick response time
than a stimulus that infrequently occurs. In basketball defenders
are always faced with players in a triple threat position, this means
that their response time will be quicker as they will be more used to
responding to the stimulus…read more

Slide 5

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There are many ways in which basketball
players can reduce the influence of external
factors effecting response time, these include:
· Rehearsal ­ To practice reacting to the stimulus to reduce
nervousness to approach the reaction and increase ability to react
· Position ­ By standing in proper defensive position so the body is
equipped with responding to the stimulus of a dribble, pass or shot
· Concentration ­ Blocking out external stimuli that the athlete does
not need to focus on such as opponents coach shouting or attackers
of no threat to the basket when playing man to man defence
· Cooperation ­ Ensuring that members of the team communicate
and shout when a stimulus is seen ensuring that response time is
· Anticipation ­ Ensure spatial and temporal anticipation so that
you know when to respond as well as what to do in response…read more


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