resource definition and classification and the effect of changes in technology and society of definition of resources

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Global issues population and resources
Resource definition and classification
Resource definition
A resource is any aspect of the environment that can be used to meet human
demands. They can be natural or human. Natural resources are substances such as
oil, forests, water or animals. Human resources are the number of the people in a
population and their abilities and skills.
Resource classification
Semi renewable resources are thought of a renewable as they can
regenerate themselves in a human timeframe although if they are exploited
at a greater level than their natural replacement level then they will
become non-renewable. Water is a renewable resource as it is in plentiful
supply across the planet but some areas struggle to meet the demand for
water so it could be seen as a non renewable resource in this case.
Flow resources are renewables that don't need regeneration as they are in
constant supply such as wind, solar and wave power. Due to the lack of
technology and funding they haven't been used to their full potential yet,
although this may change when the non renewable resources are no longer
Natural resources can be classes as abiotic or biotic. Biotic resources are
from living organisms such as wood and abiotic are from non living things
such as copper and iron
Resources, reserves and supply
Resource that countries have of a mineral is the total amount contained in
the earth's crust within that country's borders.
Reserve is the amount of a resource that can be worth commercially
Supply is the amount that can be produced and delivered to customers
Changes in technology and society can result in changes in the definition of
For most of history food has been a resource sued to survive and the aim of
technology has been to get enough to survive. Now food is used as a resource for
leisure and recreation especially in westernised cultures, due to the higher
disposable income, advances in technology of agriculture and food production
which led to fast food chains. This increased the amount of people who eat for
pleasure and has caused aspects of our daily lives to be changed, such as going out

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Global issues population and resources
purely to eat. However, places such as in Sub Saharan Africa still use food as a
necessity to survive and the aim of society there is still to get enough to survive.
Energy supplies
Advances in exploitation and exploration technology has allowed oil to be
extracted in more places.…read more


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