Research studies to AQA A2, with key words and findings.

A colourful chart of research studies, with findings grouped together in all topics in media psychology and schizophrenia.

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media psychology
Media influences on
prosocial behaviour
rosenkoetter 7 year olds 7 year olds understood complex messages with parental mediation.
Valkenburg et al Parental mediation Only effective when parent discusses with child.
Woodard 77% and 4/10 77% of programs had one pro message. And 4/20 top programs have one.
Mares and Woodard Shown actual steps Most effective when shown actual steps of prosocial for children.
Johnston and ettema Teacher led Effective pro behaviour with teacher led discussion.
Mares Strong on children Least affective with adolescents, stronger with children.
Mares A03 meta analysis Watching prosocial = altruistic behaviour, self control, positive behaviour and less
Media influence on
anti-social behaviour
Huesmann and moise 5 suggestions Lowered physiological arousal, desensitisation, observational learning and imitation,
cognitive priming, and justification.
Bandura Bobo doll Children imitate adult behaviour when goal is achieved
Cumberhatch No link Between the viewing of anti behaviour and copying.
Josephson Hockey players A trigger for aggression.
Cumberhatch Only screen violence Only get used to screen violence, so not desensitised to real violence.
Feshback and singer Cathartic vents The cathartic association to violence vents out anger.
Liss and Reinhardt Prosocial models Models influence pro more than anti behaviour.
Charlton et al AO3 st helena's Natural experiment found little increase in findings.
The effects of video
games and computers
Anderson and dill White noise Shot eachother with white noise to show short term aggression.
Anderson and Found links Found links between aggression and video games etc
Anderson et al Less prosocial Children became less prosocial in the long term.
Gentile and Anderson Violent behaviour in meta analysis, found both adults and children more violent.
Gentile and Anderson Bi-directional model Those who have high hostility rate choose violent games, not cause.
Funk desensitisation Repetition of violence causes no negativity to violence.
Anderson and dill Excitement Excitement is a key factor to violent games.
Gentile and Anderson A03 correlation study Saw violent relationship in long term.
Persuasion and
attitude change
Hovland-yale model 3 factors Source, message and audience factors as basis.
Mcguire Fear Creating fear is good for persuasion to get message across.

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Lewis et al Humour Supports effectiveness of fear, but humour is better.
Morton and Campbell Familiar source Children were more excepting when explained by familiar source.
Igartua et al Highly involved Highly involved audiences in topic are more affected.
Petty and cacioppo Elaboration likelihood Central route ending with lasting attitude change. Peripheral route ending in a temporary
attitude change through no motivation to think.
Haughtvedt et al Need for cognition Need for cognition for lasting attitude change.…read more

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Eytan and borras No contact No face-to-face created less fear of illegal activity.
Sheridan and grant Develop extremes The activities may become extreme to carry on getting original thrill.
Fisher and Cullen Cyberstalking 13% of students had been stalked this way.
Alexy et al Is it illegal Only 30% students thought a case of cyberstalking was stalking.
Dressing et al Victims health Victim needs mental help, due to changing their lifestyle completely.…read more

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Karugulla Ect relapse At beginning there were high relapse rates.
Read Decline in use of ect Decline over 20 years due to side effects.
Sarita et al Ect symptoms No symptom reduction in india.
Tharyan and adams AO3 ect comparisons in Better effects with antipsychotics, but not better than antipsychotics. Ect was better than
meta-analysis placebo, but only known in short term.
Cognitive and
Yellowlees et al Cognitive virtual Developed machine to show hallucinations aren't real, but no evidence.…read more

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Gottdeiner AO3 meta-analysis Psychoanalysis and cbt had same level of benefits, no difference in results for psycho with o
therapy comparisons without medication. And outpatients improved more than outpatients.…read more


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