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1. Beliefs and sources of authority
a) Tenakh
b) Talmud
c) Halakah
d) Concept of G-d
e) G-d the creator and sustainer
f) G-d the law giver and judge, redeemer and
g) Covenant
h) Covenant with Abraham
i) Torah and the Covenant
j) Messianic Age…read more

Slide 2

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a) Tenakh
Tenakh is the holy book used in Judaism.
Contents of the Torah:
1. Torah ­ consists of the first five books of the
Tenakh known as the `Five Books of Moses'. Most
sacred object in Judaism and is a handwritten
parchment. When the torah is printed it is called
the Chumash.
2. Nevi'im ­ means `prophets' and contains eight
books starting with the book of Joshua.
3. Ketuvim ­ means `writings' or `scriptures' and
contains 11 books. The books includes the five
megillot that are read as part of the celebrations
and observance of festival.…read more

Slide 3

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a) Tenakh
The Megillot:
1. Book of Esther ­ read on Purim
2. Song of Songs ­ read on Pesach
3. Book of Ruth ­ read on Shavuot
4. Lamentations ­ read on the Fast of the 9th of Av
5. Ecclesiastes ­ read on Succot
The authority of the Tenakh:
6. Orthodox Jews regard the Torah as the word of
G-d. The Torah is considered to be divine and
therefore cannot be altered.
7. Reform Jews think the torah was written by a
person inspired by G-d and laws are developed
over a period of time…read more

Slide 4

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a) Tenakh
1. Explain the differences between the
Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim
2. How do Reform Jews differ in their
belief about the authority of the
Tenakh?…read more

Slide 5

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Order Content
b) Talmud Seeds
Prayer, blessing,
tithes and
agricultural laws
Mishnah: the first Festival Laws of Shabbat
written version of the (Moed) and Festivals
oral tradition; the
authoritative Women Marriage, divorce,
document was put (Nashim) some forms of
together in 200CE oaths and laws
Gemara: a commentary Damages Both civil and
on the Mishnah, which (Nezikin) criminal laws, the
is part of the Talmud. running of courts
Talmud: a commentary and oaths
by the Rabbi's on the Holy Things Sacrificial rites,
Torah ­ Mishnah and (Kodashim) the dietary laws
Gemara together. and the Temple
Purities Laws of purity and
(Tohorot) impurity.…read more

Slide 6

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b) Talmud
1. Why is Talmud study not regarded as
important for some Jews?…read more

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