Religious Studies GCSE, Christian Perspectives

Complete guide to GCSE OCR Religious Studies paper 2a christian perspectives.

Includes: Birth and Death; Marriage, Divorse and the Family; Predjudice, Equality and Discrimination; War, Peace and Human Rights; Christian Responsibilty towards the Disadvantaged and Christian Responsibility for the Planet.

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  • Created on: 11-05-09 15:27
Preview of Religious Studies GCSE, Christian Perspectives

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Christian Perspectives
Birth and Death
Key topics:
Key teachings:
Genesis 1:26 `Let us make man in our own image.'
Job 1:21 `The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away, may the name of the Lord be
Jeremiah 1:5 `I knew you before I formed you in the womb.'
Psalm 139:13 `You knit me together in my mother's womb'
Corinthians 3:16 `Do you not know that you are God's temple and his Spirit lives in you.'
Exodus 20:13 `You shall not murder'
Luke 1:41, John the Baptist leapt in Elizabeth's womb
o Catholic: Pope John Paul II in his Humanae Vitae 1968 `Every sexual act must be
open to the creation of new life.' Catholics are particularly opposed to the IUD and
the morning after pill which they regard as early forms of abortion. They believe
contraception can devalue family/marriage, the value of children in the eyes of
society and promote fornication.
o Methodist Church: `Every loving couple has the right to prayerfully consider whether
to use contraception or have children.'
o Catholic: Fundamental are opposed to any process that creates spare embryos,
believe in the adoption option
o Anglican: Marries couples have the right, if their conscience permits, to access
modern fertility treatments
o Protestant: Mixture, situation ethics Evangelical Prolife
o Catholic: Believe life begins at conception, accepts authority of extracanonical
book Didache which states: `Do not abort the fruit of thy womb.'
o Most Christian groups against, some in central Europe support "Dying with
o Puts pressure on old people
o Voluntary euthanasia becoming involuntary euthanasia
o Dame Cecily Saunders founder of hospice movement as an alternative to
euthanasia, palliative care.

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Exodus 20:14 `Do not commit adultery'
Mark 10:11 `Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman he commits
adultery against her.'
Exodus 20:12 `Honour your mother and your father that you may live long in the land.'
Colossians 3:2021 `Children obey your parents in everything for this pleases the Lord,
but fathers do not embitter your children or they will become discouraged.'
1 Timothy 5:8 `If anyone does not provide for his family he has denied the faith and is
worse than an unbeliever.…read more

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Most Protestants consider husband and wife to be equal but would be opposed to
government ambitions to get parents back into employment soon after the birth of
children. Active parenting
o Fundamentalists consider husbands are the head of the family and wives should
submit to them. Ephesians 5:22 `Wives submit to your husbands as to the Lord'
o Catholics forbid remarriage after divorce
Catechism of the catholic church: `Divorce is a grave offense against the
natural law.…read more

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Matthew 28:19, `Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the
name of the father and of the son and of the Holy Spirit.'
Key Perspectives:
Sexual discrimination
o Anglican Church has been ordaining women since the 1980s however it does not
allow women to become bishops.…read more

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Prisoners of Conscience
Key teachings:
Exodus 15:3 `The Lord is a warrior, the LORD is his name'
Micah 4:14 `A time for peace is coming...' Jews say that time hasn't arrived, Christians
say it arrived with Christ, `They will beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears
into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war
anymore.…read more

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Many Christians would say that Jesus' teaching supersedes other aspects of scripture,
and his teaching supports pacifism
Most institutional denominations and Catholics are not traditionally pacifists
Human rights:
MLK was the most famous Christian peaceful protestor
United Nation's Declaration of Human Rights 1948:
o 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
o 18.…read more

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Verse 12, `I tell you it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that
Catechism of the Catholic Church: `If faith is not expressed in works, it is dead and cannot
bear fruit unto eternal life.'
Work of Churches:
Salvation army is the most famous Christian denomination in terms of their work with the
poor e.g.…read more

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Old Testament laws and Jesus' teaching to do with justice
Christian Responsibility for the Planet
Key topics:
God's ownership of the planet
Role of humanity
Environmental concerns
Key teachings:
Psalm 24:1 `The earth is the LORD's and everything in it.'
James 1:17 `Every good and perfect gift is from above.'
Psalm 19:1 `The heavens declare the glory of God the skies proclaim the work of his
hands.…read more


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