Religious Studies- Ethics- Human Relations CHRISTIANITY

Revision Notes on Human Relationships from the Christian point of view. Includes Biblical references too! Hope this helps :)

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  • Created on: 23-05-12 15:50
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Religion and Human Relationships
KEY WORDS
Adultery - A married person having a sexual relationship with someone to whom they
are not married
Annulment - A declaration that marriage was never a proper marriage in the eyes of
the Church because one of the partners was not fully committed to it
Civil Partnership -a civil registration that gives same-sex partners rights and
responsibilities similar to marriage (e.g. property rights, social security and pension
benefits, parental rights)
Commitment - A bond between a couple
Divorce - The legal ending of marriage
Pre-marital Sex - Having a sexual relationship before marriage
Promiscuity - Having many sexual partners without commitment, not caring how
many times or who you have sex with
Re-marriage - Marrying again after divorce
Sacrament ­ Holy ceremony e.g. marriage
Vows - Sacred promises a couple make at their marriage
Liberal Christian - Does not believe totally in the Bible; they believe the truth is found
in the interpretation
Nuptial Mass - a special Eucharist celebrated at a wedding
Nuptial - wedding/marriage
Eucharist - a Christian sacrament that commemorates the Last Supper
Heterosexual - someone who has a sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex
Homosexual - someone who has a sexual attraction to a member of the same sex
Agape - selfless love taught by Jesus
Celibacy ­ a way of life that excludes marriage and sex e.g. Roman Catholic priests

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Religion and Human Relationships
Chastity - abstaining from sexual activity because of religious vows e.g. a nun or a
monk
Unchastity ­ sex outside marriage.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
ROLES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE FAMILY
Fundamentalist Views
Women are weaker than men and men are the stronger and more important partner.
They are the homemakers, looking after the children and supporting the man in his
role as provider for the family.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
ROLES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE CHURCH
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholics do not allow female priests. However, this is not saying that women
are inferior, more that this is not their role.
Biblical References
All Jesus' disciples were men so he did not want women as leaders.
A priesthood of men is a tradition that goes back to Jesus. It should not be
broken.
St Paul said that women must obey men and be silent in Church.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
MARRIAGE CEREMONIES AND HOW THEY REFLECT CHRISTIAN MARRIAGES
Christian Purposes of marriage
Mutual love and support between a man and woman for their lifetimes
To enjoy sexual relations in the context of an exclusive married relationship
To bring up children in a secure and loving environment
Biblical References
Marriage is important to Christians because God intended men and women to
live together as a family and weddings are important- Jesus' first miracle was
turning bread into wine at the wedding of…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
CIVIL PARTNERSHIPS
Definition
A civil registration that gives same-sex partners rights and responsibilities similar to
marriage (e.g. property rights, social security and pension benefits, parental rights)
Roman Catholic Church and Church of England
Both these churches are against civil partnerships. They believe marriage is the proper
place for sexual activity to occur and one of the main purposes of sex should be to
create new life which homosexual sex cannot do.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholics are against divorce as they believe that marriage is a sacrament and
cannot be dissolved. However, it encourages couples who feel that their marriage has
broken down to seek an annulment (as if the marriage never took place) or separate
from their partners but stay married.
An annulment can be granted if:
One of the partners did not give full assent to marriage.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS
Pre-marital sex
Takes place between two people who aren't married
Can be between two people who are in a steady relationship
Can be casual sex (2 people who hardly know each other)
Extra marital sex [Adultery]
This is a sin!
It has become more common due to effective contraception and abortion.
But many people get sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea.
Views
All churches are against both of these, especially the Roman Catholic Church.…read more

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Religion and Human Relationships
CONTRACEPTION
Artificial Methods of Contraception
Condom
Contraceptive pill
Sterilisation
Natural Methods of Contraception
Rhythm Method
Roman Catholic Church
Only allow natural methods of contraception. It is seen as family planning rather then
preventing new life. The Roman Catholic Church is the only Christian denomination
that is strongly opposed to contraception. It teaches that love between a couple leads
naturally to having children and each and every sexual act must remain open to the
transmission of life.…read more

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