Religious Studies B: Religious Philosophy and Ultimate Questions Notes

Comprehensive notes for 4 of the 6 topics:

- The Existence of God

- Immortality

- The problem of Evil and Suffering

- Science and Religion

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RS Notes

Topic 1 ­ The existence of God

How do we prove things exist?
Personal experience
Relievable evidence

Why might a theist believe in God?
believe they have had contact with him
accept account of others as evidence for his existence
believe God is the only logical explanation…

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Fingerprints prove that God planned each human separately.
o The Anthropic Principle
Modern version of the design argument
God designed the world so that everything was just right for human life to
For example ­ gravitational force just right for the universe to come into
being. Fine tuning must…

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o Communicating with God through prayer
o Feeling God's presence
o Experiencing a conversation
o Involvement in a miracle
Famous Religious experiences:
o The Buddha
o Guru Nanak
o Mahatma Ghandi
o Muhammad
Problems with religious experience
o Difficult to prove as genuine
o Atheists and agnostics do not…

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Topic 3 ­ The Problem of Evil and Suffering

It is a fact that there is suffering and injustice in the world. Natural and man made disasters
cause innocent people to die. This is a problem for theists as it contradicts the qualities of
God. (benevolent, omniscient, omnipotent)
Questions for…

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Suffering can often seem unjust, such as the suffering of innocent children. Sometimes people
may deserve to suffer due to their actions. However some people who have lived good lives
still suffer.
Some argue that suffering can have positive benefits:
o It is necessary to keep us alive and well.…

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First we must assess if there is such a thing as evil. Some people believe people can be evil,
others think there are only evil actions. Most of us are a mixture of good and bad.
An evil act is done in deliberate cruelty in the full knowledge that it…

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Religious explanations and responses to evil:
Christians, Jews and Muslims share the general view that God gave people free will to choose
between evil and good. Evil is humans fault not God's.
Buddhists, Sikhs and Hindus believe that the source of evil is ignorance. The law of Karma
requires people…

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Legacy You live on through what Anyone. Examples of Once the works/buildings etc are
you leave behind that `immortal' people: destroyed the person is no longer
people can remember Shakespeare, Darwin, remembered
you by. Can include art, Henry VII
music etc.
Memory of others You live on in the Anyone.…

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will gather you together For the Day of Judgment About which there is no
o Problems:
If people do not believe a religion they will not accept the scriptures as true.
Scriptural accounts do not agree with each other. They cannot all be right so
do not provide accurate…

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Therefore, there is a possibility than humans can be resurrected by humans and there is no
need for a God.
6. If there is an afterlife, where is it? Through the exploration of space no evidence has been seen
for a heaven or afterlife.

Atheists' views:
there is no God,…




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