Slides in this set
Religion as a conservative force
· Fundamentalism is a conservative movement and returns back to the
basics of religion. They have strict moral codes and is continue to grow
· Functionalism- Religion doesnt change society which is a good thing
because it reduces conflict and helps society to function properly.
Durkheim argues that it reinforces collective conscience, Malinowski
argues it reduces anxiety and Parson argues that it reinforces value
consensus. Ignore the reality that religion has been a source of conflict.
Religion does have positive functions.
· Marxism- see religion as an ideology that supports the existing social
structure. Marx sees religion preventing social class. The subject class are
numbed and makes false promises. Religion can be oppressive. Ignores
functional aspects of religion.
· Feminists - religion doesn't change society which is bad because women
are exploited. Not all religions are patriarchal (Church of England have
female priests) Highlights the reality that women and men are treated
· Spirit of capitalism- Weber claimed that the origins
of the spirit of capitalism were to be found in the
ethic of ascetic Protestantism. Both manner and
purpose of their pursuit of money were able to aids
with the spirit of capitalism.
· Weber- Calvinism- work ethic/Protestant ethic,
ascetic, world view image of the world. Ascetic-
abstinence from life's pleasure and material things.
Making money became a religious and a business
ethic. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of
Capitalism actually changed society economically.…read more
Hinduism was an ascetic religion but it was other-
wordly: directed its followers' concerns away from
the material world and towards the spiritual world.
· In China, Confucianism, this worldy: directed its
followers towards the material world but it was not
ascetic, discouraged the growth of rational
capitalism. Both lacked the drive to systematically
accumulate wealth that is necessary for modern
· Weber is criticised because capitalism did not
develop in every country where were Calvinists.…read more
· Black civil rights movement: movement in 1950s. Bruce
describes the black clergy as the backbone of the
movement. Bruce sees religion in this context as an
ideological resource- it provided beliefs and practices
that protesters could draw on for motivation and
support. Led by MLK were crucial in gaining support for
the movement which ended segregation.
· New Christian Right- conservative, Protestant
fundamentalist movement. Aimed to bring `America
back to God'. Want to illegalise abortion, divorce and
homosexuality, made use of televangelism. Movement
lacked widespread support, was never a majority.…read more