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Critiques of the Relationship Between Religion and Morality

Euthyphro Dilemma
o Does God command X because it is good?
Means God did not always understand good ­ good exists
and was found
God therefore not the creator of everything (good existed
before) or omniscient
Therefore, may not be worth worshipping…

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o Worries "irrational faith is feeding murderous intolerance" and
undermining science
o "faith acts like a virus" and "targets children"
o Science weighs up evidence and arrives at conclusions, whereas
religion does not
o We agree children are too young to understand where they stand on
political parties, so why…

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o "The here and now is all we have, and an inspiration to make the most
of it"
o "We are going to die, and that makes us the lucky ones" ­ most
people never get born are only potential

Critiques of the Critiques

Responding to Euthyphro
Firstly, if we…

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o Religious morality can tell why they should not murder, but evolution
only tells us why people do not murder ­ arguably, concrete moral
instruction is desirable
o As Dawkins himself has acknowledged in The God Delusion, his
previous work on The Selfish Gene has sometimes ­ against his
intentions…

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