Religion and Life : Religion and community cohesion

Here is the Muslim and Christian attitude to Community Cohesion

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  • Created on: 14-05-12 19:58
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Shannon Brown
Religion and Community Cohesion
Why have attitudes changed?
During the World Wars women had to take on many of the jobs previously done by men and
did them just as well.
The work of the suffragette movement to gain equal voting and political rights for women
showed the men in authority that women were no longer prepared to be treated as second
class citizens.
Social and industrial developments in the 1950s and 1960s led for more women workers and
for married women to provide a second income.
The UN Declaration of Human Rights and the development of the Feminist Movement put
forward a case for equal rights that could not be contradicted.
Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion
Traditional Attitude of Protestant Christianity
Teach that men and women have separate and different roles so cannot have equal rights in religion
This is because:
God created Adam first and it was woman who was led astray by Satan and then led man
astray. (St Paul's Teachings)
Jesus only chose twelve men apostles
Tradition at Church that only men should have leadership rights in the Church
The Modern Attitude of Protestant Christianity
Now accept that men and women should have equal rights and they now have women ministers and
priests.
This is because:
God created male and female at the same time and of equal status because both were
created in the image of God.
Jesus treated a Samaritan woman as his equal.
Jesus had women disciples who stayed with him at the cross unlike the male disciples who ran
away
Catholic Attitudes to roles of Men and Women
Teaches men and women should have equal roles in life and equal rights in society but women can't
be a priest or bishop.
This is because:
Genesis 1:27 teaches that God created men and women at the same time and both in the
image of God. Equal status in the sight of God.
Only men can be priests because Jesus was a man and the priest represents Jesus in the
Mass.
In the teachings of the Catholic Catechism that men and women are equal.
Islam and equal rights to women in religion
Traditional Attitudes
Different roles mean different rights. Women should keep a halal home and have and bring up
children. Men should provide for family and worship God in the Mosque.
Qur'an teaches that men should support women because God has given men a stronger
physique.

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Shannon Brown
Qur'an teaches that women have been created to bear children and men to provide for
them.
It is traditional for only men to attend mosque and to be imams.
Modern Attitudes
Women have equal roles in religion and education (Qur'an teaches). Women's role as a mother
should always take priority over their carer and a few would accept women religious leaders.
Prophet Muhammad encouraged both men and women to worship in the mosque.…read more

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Shannon Brown
Without it different groups in society have different visions of what the society should be
like and this can lead to violence.
In countries without community cohesion violence becomes a way of life.
Society without it becomes more divided.
Why Christians should help to promote racial harmony
Parable of the God Samaritan, Jesus taught that Christians should love their neighbours and
that neighbour means all races.…read more

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Shannon Brown
They believe their religion is the only true religion
They believe that everyone should go to heaven and the only way for followers of other
religions to get there is conversion.
Their holy books teach them that they should convert non-believers.
Try to convert other religions can cause problems because:
Many people would say trying to convert is a type of prejudice and discrimination.…read more

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