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Religion under James I 16031625
James and the Puritans
The beliefs of the Puritans
Extreme Protestants wanted the end of any traces of Catholicism left in the church. Some
only wanted minor changes, such as how the minister dressed but some wanted more
The aim of all Puritans was to see an end of anything that could be viewed as being
catholic; ceremonies, bishops, or authority at all.
Who were the Puritans?
Puritans were common in Elizabeth's court; some of her leasing courtiers were strong
puritans. The head of Elizabeth's secret service were Puritans (Walsingham and The Earl of
Leicester) Puritans had high moral standards so Elizabeth liked them and they liked her for
her morals. James ad less Puritans in his court, with his sexual scandal and extravagance it
was not moral for the Puritans to oversee as Elizabeth.
Puritans could be found in all social classes, but the strongest was in the middle class. For
Puritanism was very popular with those hard working individuals who were making their
own way in the world.
Puritans stressed hard work, being careful with money and being responsible for your life
in the eyes of God.
Where was Puritanism strongest?
Strongest in London and East Anglia. Popular among trading classes such as weavers or
Weaker in the north where Roman Catholicism was still strong. In the countryside such as
Devon, Cornwall and Somerset puritanism was less strong as they had traditional festivals
like mayday which were disapproved of by the Puritans who thought celebrations were
sinful as they took people away from God.
The Millenary Petition
The millenary petition asked for moderate puritan reforms, outlining Puritan grievances
and asking to change familiar issues, like the sign of cross at Baptism.
James regarded the petition with suspicion as the thin end of a wedge which might
ultimately lead to a Presbyterian system. So James announced that he'd hold a conference
at Hampton court in January of 1604 where Bishops and Puritans could debate the issues.
The Hampton court conference 1604
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The conference was to consider the demand for an end of the popish ceremonies and look
at wider church issues
Puritans did not class the Hampton court conference as a success. The Puritans were not
granted any changes in the church organisation or practise. Puritans looked to James for
reform but their moderate demands were seen as trivial or if they made more drastic
demands they were labelled extremist.
Two things were agreed together between the Bishops and the Puritans.…read more
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The 30 years' war affected the religious divisions because it caused greater hostilities
between the Catholics and the Puritans.…read more