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Topic 5
Sociology Revision

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The Hidden Curriculum
The hidden curriculum involves messages
and ideas that school do not directly teach
but which are normal procedures of the
Functionalists believe that the hidden
curriculum helps foster cooperation,
healthy competition and the spirit of
Marxists Feminists are critical of all aspects
of the school curriculum for the way it
justifies male and ruling class dominance
and helps maintain and reproduce it.…read more

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How is the hidden curriculum
This occurs through the standard,
everyday aspects of school life, such as:
The hierarchy of management
An insistence on punctuality
Wearing a uniform
The various sets and levels defined by
age and ability
Organization of the classroom…read more

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Pupil Subcultures
According to Hargreaves, antischool working
class subcultures are mostly found in the
bottom streams of secondary schools.
He argued they are caused by the labelling of
some pupils as `low stream failures'. These
pupils substitute their own set of delinquent
values by which they can achieve success in
the eyes of their peers.
E.g. messing about, having fights etc.…read more

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Hargreaves and Willis refer to the pro- and
antischool cultures as homogeneous,
coherent groups that share their own
uniform sets of values.
Peter Woods, however argues that pupils
use a variety of adaptations, depending
upon the ways in which the values of
school are accepted or rejected.…read more

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Male Subcultures
Since the 1970s the economy has
changed, and very few working class
jobs remain in manufacturing. They
imagine that work will be available
whatever happens to them in school,
and so they make little effort.…read more

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