Referendum examples and turnout figures for Government and Politics

Examples of referendums for your exam. Includes results, quotes and useful statistics.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 14-01-13 22:13
Preview of Referendum examples and turnout figures for Government and Politics

First 402 words of the document:

KT Referendum: a vote on a single issue put to a public ballot by the government. A degree of direct
democracy. Generally yes/no questions.
Direct democracy is unachievable but representative democracy can lead to be too remote and
unresponsive of citizens needs. Referendums are therefore employed.
- In 1995 in Eire a referendum legalised divorce.
- Switzerland average around four referendums a year. In 2002 the people approved a decision to
join the United Nations by 55% to 45%.
- UK first nationwide post legislative referendum in 1975.
Should we remain part of the European Community? Yes/No.
RESULTS= 67.2 YES 32.8 NO
- Second UK wide referendum in 2011. Not post-legislative.
At present, the UK uses the "first past the post" system to elect MPs to the House of Commons.
Should the "alternative vote" system be used instead?
RESULTS= 32.1% YES 67.9% NO
TURNOUT= 42.2%
- Future referendum for Scotland planned by the SNP in 2014
- 15th June 2012 Ipsos MORI conduced an opinion poll.
- 27% Supported Independence 41% Support Devomax 29% Support Status Quo 4% Undecided
KT Initiative: Initiatives give citizens the opportunity to call a public ballot on a question of their own
choosing. Often by collecting a predetermined number of signatures and therefore triggering a
- In New Zealand the Citizen's Initiated Referenda Act 1993 required support of 10% of the
electorate for a non-binding referendum to be initiated.
- In California a public vote on changing law must require signatures equal to at least 5% of the total
vote attained for the state governor at the previous election.
- In 2010 this was 433,971 signatures.
- In March 2010, an initiative proposing the Regulate, Control and Tax Cannabis Act 2010
received enough signatures to qualify for the November 2010 ballot.
- The California 2008 Proposition 8 was an initiative proposed to ban gay marriage in
- Led to a California referendum which Eliminates Rights of Same-Sex Couples to Marry.
- RESULTS= 52.24% YES 48.76% NO
- Q J.S. Mill Tyranny of the Majority: "If all mankind minus one were of one opinion, mankind would
be no more justified in silencing that one person than he, if he had the power, would be justified in
silencing mankind"
- TURNOUT= 79.42%

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Q Clement Attlee in 1940s: "a tool of demagogues and dictators".. "a device so alien to our
Q A.V. Dicey: a kind of "peoples veto"
Q Blair in 1995: "in the case of major constitutional change. . .…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »