Recap of Religious Organisations and NRMs

This is a sheet, very brief, that combines key revision elements of religious organisations and New Religious Movements from the AQA A2 Unit 3 unit. Not comprehensive at all, just intended for brief revision before the exam. It also includes some good references to gender.

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  • Created by: Jackarias
  • Created on: 15-01-11 15:50
Preview of Recap of Religious Organisations and NRMs

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Recap of Religious Organisations and NRMs
Troeltsch: inclusive, complex hierarchical structure Barker found that
the Moonies often
Denomination / World-Accommodating came from a happy
Neibuhr: watered down church, focussing on inner-life MC background
Sect / World-Rejecting
Wilson: exclusive, high commitment, lifestyle change, claim monopoly of truth
Why join... provide comfort, sense of place (Bellah: black Muslims)
marginality; disadvantaged groups (Weber)
relative deprivation (Glock and Stark: MC religion-shaped hole)
secularisation (Bunting: sects `fill the gap' when established religions fail)
focus on community, not individualism (Wallis)
Why women join... more likely to experience 3 types of deprivation (Glock and Stark):
1. Social ­ lack of power, prestige and status
2. Organismic ­ suffering from disabilities
3. Ethical ­ world in moral decline so retreat to a sect
Sects are short lived... people join them voluntarily
charismatic leader dies
difficult to reject society
may have to accept wider society (become denomination)
Cult / World-Affirming Giddens (postmodernist):
Stark and Bainbridge defined three different types of cult: Both considered deviant.
Cults ­ no high commitment.
1. Audience ­ information service (e.g. horoscopes)
2. Client ­ offer a personal service (e.g. contacting the dead) Cults do not impose specific
3. Cult movement ­ organised commitment (e.g. Scientology) teachings on followers.
Why join... individualised people no longer concerned with world (Bauman)
relative deprivation (Glock and Stark: MC religion-shaped hole)
NRMs in General `3HO' is an example of a
People are joining NRMs in general because: middle ground NRM:
Rejecting ­ vegetarianism.
Wilson: industrialisation has led to a loss of community
Affirming ­ self-help.
Bruce: rejection of authority = rejection of traditional religion
Accommodating ­
offshoot of Sikhism.
Women are joining NRMs in general:
Thompson: women are more likely to experience economic deprivation
Bruce: 2 females to every 1 male (specifically in sects)
Sociology A2 Unit 3: Beliefs in Society | Revision Notes | Jack Bennett, 13F | Page 1 of 1


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