First 461 words of the document:
Rise to Power
Stalin was appointed General Secretary in 1922, enabling him to put those
who supported him in positions of power within the party. These people
were put into their jobs by Stalin, so they were unlikely to turn against him,
but if they did, they could just as easily be replaced with Stalin's other
Stalin, as General Secretary, was ultimately responsible for `Lenin
enrolment', meaning that he had many new party members who had very
little education who were loyal to him, and he manipulated these people to
do as he wanted them to do; they did because they didn't truly understand
what they were being asked to do, but knew that they owed their communist
membership, with all its perks, to Stalin and his policy.
He was seen as Lenin's disciple; he had been the orator at the funeral (which
Trotsky had not attended) and he appeared to agree with Lenin's ideas about
Russians dominating other nationalities. Lenin had practically become a God
since his death and it was important that the next political leader should be
seen to support him.
He was politically skilled and manipulated his rivals (alliances with Bukharin,
Kamenev and Zionev) and the people under his control. He also always took
a moderate position so he gained support from all sides. His policy of `World
Revolution' was popular because it avoided conflict.
His rivals also had many weaknesses. Trotsky missed Lenin's funeral, and
gave the impression of being uninterested in taking power (he turned down
the job of the deputy Chairman of the People's Commissars and `illness'
caused him to miss several commitees) he also believed in `world revolution'
unpopular because of the conflict it would cause. He also had several
personal failings, such as his Menshevik past and his difficult nature to work
Zinoviev lost their power base because Stalin turned on them after they had
served their purpose and removed them from their important power
positions after Trotsky had been removed from the party. They also showed
a lack of commitment to the communist party at times.
Bukharin supported the NEP, which made him unpopular, but he was
basically too nice to defeat a man such as Stalin who was prepared to stab the
backs of his rivals to gain power. Therefore he was easily defeated, despite
being Lenin's favourite to carry on where he left off.
G Gen. Sec & Lenin enrolment
S Political skill
W Weaknesses of his rivals