First 303 words of the document:
Thomas Cromwell transformed the government from one dependency under Henry into one
carried out by impersonal operations of a centralised bureaucracy.
The Council, previously an informal body were transformed in the 1530s - they became a
formalised Privy Council (19 people) constituted by 1540.
Judicial functions of the Council transferred to the Court of Star Chamber and the Court of
There is dispute about the historians about the speed of the change.
Cromwell institutionalised an advisory body for the King.
He transformed the role of Secretary - this allowed him greater influence over governance of the
country than Wolsey ever possessed.
No minister until William Cecil exercised as much power as Cromwell.
His power did not depend upon his office but rather Henry's trust, he entrusted it into his hands.
Henry retained personal control over the direction of the government.
Cromwell was a temporary investment into an individual, who gained the annulment of marriage to
Catherine of Aragon.
Upon Cromwell's fall, the power of office he had accumulated was divided.
Anne of Cleves marriage Cromwell messed up.
No alliance with Northern German Protestant Princes.
Henry feared attack from Catholic Europe.
But after Henry made Cromwell Earl of Essex.
Duke of Norfolk Angered Cromwell was of low birth.
Put Catherine Howard into court, listen in to King's conversations.
Convinced King Cromwell was planning full Protestantism.
King against that: Cromwell's fall from power.
Act of Attainder - A convenient method used the the Crown to remove nobles who were
deemed to be getting above themselves.
Used for treason.
Suspended individual's civil rights: guaranteed found guilty.
Land and title go to crown.