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REACTIONS OF ALCOHOLS



ELIMINATION
Elimination of Water (DEHYDRATION)

Reagent ­ concentrated Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) or concentrated Phosphoric Acid (H3PO4)
Conditions ­ Reflux at 180ºC

Product ­ Alkene

e.g. C2H5OH (l) > CH2=CH2 (g) + H2O (l)



OXIDATION



Primary ­ Easily Oxidised to aldehydes and then to Carboxylic Acids.
Secondary ­…

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CH3CH2OH + CH3COOH CH3COOCH2CH3 + H2O

Ethyl Ethanoate The Ethanoate comes from the Acid.

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