Reaction Pathways (a Windermere School Resource)

A diagram of all SL IB Chemistry reaction pathways.

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Alkane
Nucleophilic Elimination
Nucleophilic Addition
X Heat under
reflux [use RDS]
R C R
C
Nucleophilic
R
Substitution R N
Elimination
Alkene Halogenoalkane Nitrile
Free-Radical
Dehydration O Dehydration
Substitution
R C
Hydration add NH3 UV Reduction
H
Electrophilic Aldehyde light, at rtp 150°C w/ H2
addition, reflux, Reflux, acidified and a Nickel
conc H2SO4 K2Cr2O7 Catalyst
Oxidation (pri) Oxidation
OH
NH2
R C R Alcohol Carboxylic Acid O Amine
C R C R
R
OH
R
Oxidation (sec)
Acidified K2Cr2O7
reflux orange>green
O
Ketone Oxidation
R C R
Esterification Dehydration
Conc H2SO4 or dry
hydrogen chloride
O
Ester Amide O
C
R OR R C
NH2

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