RE Roman Catholisim Paper 1

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  • Created on: 11-05-13 13:56
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Unit 1 - Identity, Diversity and Belonging
Being Catholic
Belonging means to be feel a sense of security in friendship and to be accepted
Belonging gives you a sense of identity
Roman Catholics are distinguished from other denominations of Christianity as they have
- Seven Sacraments
- Mediators (Mary and Priests connect us to God)
- Magisterium (Pope and Bishops are the teaching authority of the church)
- Role of the Saints
Creed - A Statement of belief
Trinity - God, Son and Holy Spirit
The creeds are statements of main Christian beliefs
The creed brings Christians together in prayer
Nicene creed was written to define what Christians must believe
- There is only one god
- The Father, Son and Spirit are one but also three distinct people
- Jesus Christ was completely God and completely human
Apostles Creed sums up the most important teachings
- God is the creator
- Jesus was born of a virgin
- He was crucified and rose again and is now seated in heaven
- For Christians there is the hope of forgiveness and eternal life
Benefits of Being Catholic
Friendship, Comfort and Support (Friendship through the church community and support through charities and other trusts e.g. marital help)
Framework for decision making (Jesus' teachings, sermons from priests, Ten Commandments, Views on right and wrong actions)
Framework for a abetter attitude to life ( More loving and forgiving, a sense of identity, belonging and purpose)
Challenges Facing Roman Catholics
Challenge 1 - Atheism (A belief that there is no God)
Challenge 2 - Secular Society (Not spiritual or Religious)
Our government is secular and has no religious ties so many laws are disregarding Catholic beliefs. Examples of which are Abortion is legal in the
UK up to the 24th Week of pregnancy where Catholics believe life begins at conception and only God can take a life from this earth and also
Same sex marriage is legal where Christians believe they cannot fulfil their life as they cannot reproduce together and the bible says that
marriage is the joining of a man and a woman.
Relativism - Bending the rules to suit a certain situation
Absolutism - Obeying the rules exactly and bending the situation around the rules
Challenge 3 - Multiculturalism
This is the protection of other faiths, cultures and cultural identities to create a united society, nation or state. This provides positives and
negatives to the catholic church. On the up side more people are becoming catholic because of the mainly catholic influence in our country but
other faiths are seen as a threat to main stream catholic beliefs.
Exclusive Approach - Jesus is the only way to God
- 'I am the way, the truth and the life. No-one can come to the father except
through me'
Inclusive Approach - Allows other religions to believe differently
- However, Christians still holds the full truth
Pluralist Approach - Religions concentrate on reality
- People choose the best suited religion for them to reach God
Interfaith Dialogue - Conversation between faiths, good for diversity (Bradford Faith Forum)
RE Paper 1 Page 1

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Unit 2 - Practices and Ways of Life
The Pastoral Functions of the Church
The church is ore than just a building, the church is a community of believers helping those in need
The church has a pastoral role and it cares for it parishioners. This is called pastoral care or care of the
The Society of St. Vincent De Paul (SVP)
This was set up in 1830 by some French students to help those who are our neighbours.…read more

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The minister will give a sermon to explain the importance of the baptism and the people being
baptised are brought forward, generally wearing white clothes.
- The candidate is asked if they have repented sin and if the believe in Lord Jesus Christ
- A short bible passage is read by each person and a testimony is given to explain why they want to
be baptised and become catholic.…read more

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Unit 3 - Expressing Meaning
Internal Features
Altar - Table for the bread and wine
Font - The container for water for baptism
Cross - Symbol of hope
Pulpit - Raised platform for speaking from
Lectern - The stand that holds the bible
Candles - The light of the world
Liturgical Style. Altar based, structured worship (Catholic, Orthodox, C of E)
Non Liturgical Style.…read more

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The Bible - An essential part of Christian life and worship. It is the greatest source of information for Christians about
their faith and it is also what many prayers are based upon.
The Mass
Introductory Rights
- All the people make the sign of the cross and the priest greets everyone. A hymn is often sung.…read more

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Unit 4 - Beliefs, Teachings and Sources of Authority
The Baptism of Jesus
Jesus was the son of God
A voice from heaven spoke and told people "this is my beloved son"
His mission was to give power via the holy spirit and to help guide and teach people as he had been
taught by god
God was pleased with his work
Key Words
· John the Baptist
· River Jordan
· Dove
· Gods speech
· Water
Jesus' Temptations
Jesus was led by the…read more

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Parable of the Prodigal son
A son who ran away was forgiven by his father on his return.This is a sign of God's forgiveness as it is
about the change of heart not necessarily our list of sins.…read more

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Franz JagerStatter
Franz was an Austrian conscientious objector. He informed his conscience with prayer and the
magisterium, by talking to his bishop and priest, and then still refused to go and fight in the war
The Resurrection of Jesus
The resurrection story is mentioned in all four gospels but all in a slightly different way.…read more

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Unit 5 - Meaning, Purpose and Truth
The three main issues are connected by the key questions Catholics ask about life's purpose value,
its beginning and end and the source of life
Sanctity of life is the belief that all human life is sacred or holy and is unique
Euthanasia is assisted suicide which involves helping someone with a terminal illness to commit
suicide so they don't need to carry on suffering.…read more

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Eternal - without beginning or end
Omnipotence - all-powerful and able to do anything
Omnipresent - always everywhere and in everything
Omni benevolent - all loving and fully good
Omniscient - all knowing and sees everything
Life after death
Unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies it remains only a single grain but if it dies it
produces many seeds (John)
Christians believe that death is not the end at the beginning of a new life.…read more


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