First 248 words of the document:
Rag - are patterns of notes but are different to a Western scale or melody.
Tala a rhythmic cycle
Drone the repetition/or continuous playing of the tonic note (Sa).
Tintal is the most common tal. It has the following characteristics:
sixteen beats (4 + 4 + 4 + 4)
four sections beginning on the 1st, 5th, 9th and 13th beats.
On each of these numbers there is a clap to emphasise the notes.
Alap (like an intro: A section in free time. The notes of the rag are introduced over
the drone and there is no tala.
Gat: This section has a clear pulse. The rag is played as a fixed composition. The
tala begins now and the drone continues.
Jhalla: This is fast paced section in which the performers improvise. This section
is virtuosic (technically difficult).
Jhar: Another section in India raga, You just have to remember the name of this
Anoushka Shankar Chiranji La Tanwar Steve Gorn & Benjy
Alap Alap Alap
Gat Bandish (a slow Gat 1 (slow)
section the same as
Jhalla Gat 2 (Fast)
Anoushka Shankar Chiranji Tanwar Steve Gorn & Benjy
Sitar plays the drone Voice Plays the Raga Bansuri plays the Raga
Tabla plays the Tala Tambura plays the Shrutitibox plays the
Tabla plays the Tala Tabla plays the Tala