rag desh definitions and differences between the 3

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Rag - are patterns of notes but are different to a Western scale or melody.
Tala ­ a rhythmic cycle
Drone ­ the repetition/or continuous playing of the tonic note (Sa).
Tintal is the most common tal. It has the following characteristics:
sixteen beats (4 + 4 + 4 + 4)
four sections beginning on the 1st, 5th, 9th and 13th beats.
On each of these numbers there is a clap to emphasise the notes.
Alap (like an intro: A section in free time. The notes of the rag are introduced over
the drone and there is no tala.
Gat: This section has a clear pulse. The rag is played as a fixed composition. The
tala begins now and the drone continues.
Jhalla: This is fast paced section in which the performers improvise. This section
is virtuosic (technically difficult).
Jhar: Another section in India raga, You just have to remember the name of this
Anoushka Shankar Chiranji La Tanwar Steve Gorn & Benjy
Alap Alap Alap
Gat Bandish (a slow Gat 1 (slow)
section the same as
the gat)
Jhalla Gat 2 (Fast)
Anoushka Shankar Chiranji Tanwar Steve Gorn & Benjy
Sitar ­ plays the drone Voice ­ Plays the Raga Bansuri ­ plays the Raga
and Raga
Tabla ­ plays the Tala Tambura ­ plays the Shrutitibox ­ plays the
drone drone
Tabla ­ plays the Tala Tabla ­ plays the Tala

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