Racial Policy In Nazi Germany

Full breakdown of major dates and policies that had an impact on the Jews and Asocials,for Edexcel AS History Modern, Nazi Germany module

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  • Created on: 17-10-07 17:52
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Racial Policy
DO NOT DISCUSS THE HOLOCAUST DIRECTLY IN THE EXAM!
LOOK AT ORIGINS, BUILD UP AND PUT INTO CONTEXT (193339)
Nazi racial policy changed extensively in the years between 1933 and 1939. The Nazi Party
(NSDAP) became increasingly extreme in its treatment of the minorities of Germany,
particularly Jews. The basis of all Nazi racial thinking was the idealized "Volksgemeinschaft"
("People's Community") that was to exist in Germany. The entire population of Germany was
divided in Nazi racial theory into categories: the "Volksgenossen" (National Comrades), those
who in Nazi theory belonged to the "Volksgemeinschaft", and the "Gemeinschaftsfremde"
(Community Aliens), those who were purported not to belong to the "Volksgemeinschaft". The
latter category included the entire Jewish population, the Roma population, the "workshy",
liberals and dissidents, the "hereditary asocial", "social deviants" (homosexuals) and those
with mental and/or physical handicaps.
AIMS
To relieve burdens from German society
To remove threat from the Volksgermeinschaft
Who were the Asocials?
There were three possible ways to classify an asocial:
Biological (genes)
Ideological (ideas)
Social (the way they live their life)
From this, the following groups were classified as Asocials:
Gypsies
Disabled people
Minority religions (e.g. Jehovah's witnesses)
Terminally ill/elderly people/mentally ill it was a very broad diagnosis
Racial minorities (black and Asian people) and ethnic minorities (eastern
EuropeanSlavs, poles etc.)
Homosexuals (mainly directed at men)
Trade union activists
Socialists
Vagrants (people who refused to work)
Alcoholics
Tramps and beggars
Key events/ Policy 193335
1933
1st April one day boycott of Jewish shops (from below). Bad for the economy,
but shows Hitler is supportive.
The anti Jewish legislation of 1933:
7th April, the Law for the Restoration of the Civil service and the Law
Concerning Admission to the Legal Professionforced "non Aryans" out of these
professions (to lower unemployment)
22nd April the Decree Regarding Physician's servicesprohibited Jewish doctors
from working in the state health system, although the Hindenburg clause was applied.
(Any Jews who had served in the war were exempt) This decree was extended to dentists in
June. (To lower unemployment)
25th April the Law against the Overcrowding of German schools restricted
the number of Jewish students in any one school or university to 5% of the
total
Book burning ceremonies in May Propaganda minister Goebbels had already
declared war on what he called "Jewish intellectualism" (from above)
Creation of the Reich Chambers of Culture in Septemberenabled Goebbels
to expel Jews from the arts and media. The loss to Germany's cultural life was
enormous
October Editor's law
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The situation in Germany stabilized a little in 1934. There was hardly any
discriminatory legislation and the number of Jews leaving Germany fell from 37 000 in
1933 to 23 000 in 1934. Some 10 000 Jews even returned to Germany in
early 1935 because the regime's policies appeared to be fairly mild. But Jews were still
subject to arbitrary terror and harassment and to a constant stream of hostile
propaganda.…read more

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As a response to this, Propaganda minister Josef Goebbels seized on the event as an
opportunity to regain Hitler's favour after the Furhrer had ordered him to end his affair with a
Czech actress. He instructed Party members to carry out demonstrations against the Jewish
community in Germany during the night of 9th10th November.…read more

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Were medically experimented on and castrated and humiliated
Gypsies
Nothing new about the persecution of gypsies
30 000 German gypsies not seen as major threat at first
Put gypsies as a social problem
Are persecuted because there's already a lot of bad feelingresponding to inherent
prejudice to increase their own popularity
1938 Decree for the Struggle against gypsy plague
1939 interned (gathered up) before expulsion to Poland then transferred to
Auschwitz in 1942 approx 11 000 gassed
Mentally ill
Depression= feeble mindedness
Schizophrenia, Downs syndrome…read more

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Nazi ideology. For most people the Jews were not a subject
of much interest, and the evidence suggests that where they had a
concrete reason for dealing with the Jews, such as material self interest,
that were happy, indeed anxious, to do so. On the other hand, there was not a great deal of
sympathy for them. People often distinguished between individual Jews whom
they knew and liked and Jews in general.…read more

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