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Racial and Ethnic Politics
How racially and ethnically diverse is the US?
The US is more diverse; and is often described as the "melting
pot". This is due to the high number of immigrants that come to
the US hoping for more opportunities, as the US known as "the
land of the free". This was especially prominent in its early years,
as many immigrants came to US to make their fortune. The
biggest racial and ethnic minorities in the US are African
Americans and Hispanics (Latinos).
What has been the effect of affirmative action?
Affirmative action has provided more opportunities for racial and
ethnic minorities, there has been a 15% rise in the number of
Blacks graduating from University in the years 1965-1995, further
the number of Hispanics graduating from University rose from
2009-2011 rose 4.7%, and finally, Barack Obama has been
elected, the first African American President, which has allowed
for a more diverse cabinet. However, its effects cannot be fully
measured as affirmative action is still a work in progress, and
there is a lot more to be done, as evidenced by the discrimination
that still takes place, like the Trayvon Martin shooting.
What are the arguments for and against affirmative action?
· It creates a better learning environment. If there is a more
racially diverse learning environment, this creates more
tolerance and allows people to be prepared for the real
· Creates more opportunities. This opens up opportunities,
such as job promotions and university, that racial and ethnic
minorities did not know they could have- ie Barack Obama
· It works. This has allowed for the growth of African
Americans graduating from University between 1965-1995,
and the number of Hispanics graduating from University
growing from 2009-2011 also.
· It rights previous wrongs. It tries to right the wrongs that
have been put against racial and ethnic minorities in the
past, such as slavery, segregation and internment camps
during World War 2. Racial and ethnic minorities deserve
these opportunities for this previous discrimination.
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There is a greater level of diversity within institutions such
as schools, social housing and workplaces.
· This is the most effective and meaningful way to provide
equality for all, which is ultimately the goal of both parties.
· Leads to discrimination against the majority, such as the
Bakke Case in 1978, when a student was denied entry from a
University three times despite having the right qualifications,
on the basis of his race.…read more
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Cabinet, this is still
significantly more then before.…read more