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Page 1

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Segregation and Jim Crow Laws


· Segregation in the south
· Imposed through Jim Crow Laws
· Blacks were prevented from voting ­ literacy tests
· Scottsboro Trials ­ 8 black boys convicted of rape


· Some states had no segregation laws ­ but there was still racism…

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The Jim Crow Army

= a segregated unit of the US army made up of black Americans who fought in WW2

Many black Americans enlisted to the American army

· The navy would only accept the blacks as mess men (working in canteens)
· Before 1944, blacks were not allowed…

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Brown vs. Topeka, 1954

· Linda Brown had to walk several miles to her schools when there was a white one a few blocks away
· Her father and the NAACP brought her case to court
· After losing the case, the NAACP took the case to the supreme court…

Page 4

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Martin Luther King

Malcom X

· Rejected King's peaceful methods
· Good public speaker
· Encouraged the self-esteem of black Americans
· Views and ideas became the foundation for Black Power and Black Panthers

Stokely Carmichael

· Leading spokesperson of the Black Power movement
· 1966 ­ became chairman of…

Page 5

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Civil Rights Legislation
Civil Rights Act, 1964 · Racial discrimination banned in employment
· Black students given rights to enter all public places and bodies receiving
government money
· Equal Employment Opportunities Commission set up to investigate
complains of discrimination
Voting Rights Act, 1965 · Stopped racial discrimination over right…




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