Slides in this set
It's an infectious disease carried by
It kills over a million people a year.
It is a vector borne disease (carried by
another living thing)
The first symptoms of malaria are like having
the flu. You may have: a headache
tummy ache, diarrhoea and vomiting,
especially in children
weakness or lack of energy…read more
The Cinchona Tree
They are usually 4-10 m tall.
Natural history: C. pubescens can be
propagated from seeds or cuttings of ripe wood.
Distribution: All Cinchona species are
indigenous to the eastern slopes of the
Amazonian area of the Andes. They grow at
elevations between 1,500 to 3,000 ft (457-914
m). It has been cultivated in various tropical
regions of the world mainly for use in the
production of quinine, a medicine used to treat
malaria, which is obtained from the root and bark
of the tree.…read more
What is Quinine?
Quinine definition: an alkaloid found in cinchona
A bitter drug containing this used as tonic to
Quinine is taken from the South American
For many years it was the main treatment
against malaria but more effective drugs were
produced in the 1930s.…read more
Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin®) is a prescription
medication licensed to treat uncomplicated (mild)
Quinine is one of several medications used to treat
The key to malaria treatment is starting early.
Quinine treats malaria by killing the Plasmodium
It is not approved for use in people younger than 16
years of age, as it has not been adequately studied
in this age group.…read more