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Druides a bello abesse solent neque tributa una cum
reliquis pendunt; militiae vacationem omniumque
rerum immunitatem habent.
1- What is the 1st paragraph talking about?
The privileges of the Druids regarding war and taxes.
· they are exempt from war (a bello abesse l.1)
· they do not pay any war taxes (neque tributa... pendunt l.1)
· they do not have to comply to military service (militiae
vacationem...immunitatem habent l.1-2)
· they do not have any other obligations (omniumque rerum
immunitatem habent l.2)
2- How does Caesar make the distinction between the Druids
and the regular Celtic population?
· he uses "the rest" (reliquis l.1) to talk about the lay people.…read more

Slide 3

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Druids combined the duties of
priest, judge, scholar, and
teacher, they were not
warriors.
Some of them,
according to Caesar,
would train for up to
20 years, which would
Druids were sacred mean they are too old
priests who were to fight.
concerned with
knowledge: fighting
was beneath them.…read more

Slide 4

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tantis praemiis excitati et sua sponte multi in disciplinam
conveniunt et a parentibus propinquisque mittuntur.
1- What is the 2nd paragraph talking about?
It deals with the reason why people would become druids.
· they are tempted by the rewards (tantis praemiis excitati l.3)
2- How does Caesar emphasise the importance of the rewards?
· he uses the adjective "great" (tantis l.3) to describe the rewards.
3- Who would wish to be trained?
· here, Caesar does not give many details, he describes them as
"many" (multi l.3). We know however they he was talking about young
men.
4- How would they enter the "profession"?
· they decide to go to the Druids "of their own accord" (sua sponte l.3)
· they are "sent by parents and relatives" (a parentibus propinquisque
mittuntur l.3-4) seeking status for their son/nephew, etc.…read more

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magnum ibi numerum versuum ediscere dicuntur ; itaque nonnulli
viginti annos in disciplina permanent. neque fas esse existimant hos
versus litteris mandare, cum in reliquis fere rebus Graecis litteris
utantur.
1- What is the 3rd paragraph talking about?
It deals with their training and knowledge.
· they learn a "great number of verses by heart"
(magnum...numerum versuum ediscere l.5)
· we learn they can stay as long as 20 years under
training (viginti annos in disciplina permanent l.5-6)
· they do not write their knowledge down, they even think
that it is not right (neque fas esse existimant l.6)
· for the rest, they use Greek and the Greek alphabet (in
reliquis fere rebus Graecis litteris utantur l.6-7)…read more

Slide 6

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In Gaul, Celtic tribes had
contacts with Greek
settlers, especially in the
Southern parts. The
modern city of Marseille
for example was a Greek
settlement.
The vase of Vix is the best
example we have of Celtic-
Greek relations.
X
Some Celts used to use
Greek coins…read more

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