Questions about the Wars of the Roses

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  • Created on: 21-03-13 17:08
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When & what does York do when he becomes Lord Protector the first time?
1454
He imprisons Somerset
Banishes Margaret of Anjou to Windsor Castle to look after Henry.
(Important to note that York managed to become Protector largely due to help of Warwick.)
Give two cases when York shows loyalty to the king?
After Dartford in 1452, he swears an oath of allegiance to the king.
After the victory of St. Albans 1455, Henry still reaffirmed his allegiance to the king.
When does Henry VI fall into his second bout of insanity?
November 1455 - February 1456
After Henry VI recovered from his second bout of insanity, what actions did he take which further
show how he was not politically skilled or aware?
Henry granted York pay off of over 1,800 pounds in debt during first protectorate, and promise of
more for the second.
Warwick was given captaincy of Calais.
(Henry was being extraordinarily generous to these men who should have been charged with
treason! Was allowing them another chance to attack his throne.)
What did Henry do to attempt to engineer reconciliation between the 2 rival factions? When?
March 1458
Public show of reconciliation engineered by the king what was known as the "Love day" - where
the factions (Warwick and Margaret etc) walked down St. Paul's arm in arm.
What did Margaret (and Henry, mainly Margaret) do to further worsen the relations between the
two factions and provoke war? What else in the same year?
1459 - Great Council held in Coventry called by Margaret and Henry.
York and Warwick were indicted for treason (in their absence).
York and Warwick responded by raising armies.
Later 1459 - Parliament of Devils (also by Buckingham).
What battle did the Great council in Coventry and the indictment of York and Warwick lead to?
What was the result?
Battle of Blore Heath
Sept 1459
Yorkist victory (mainly by Earl of Salisbury)
After the battle of Blore Heath, what happened (battle-wise) in the same year?
October 1459
Rout of Ludford
Yorkists fled - York fled to Ireland; Warwick, Salisbury and Edward (future Edward IV) fled to Calais.
Outline the main figures in each side (Yorkist and Lancastrian) at this point (1459).
Yorkist: York, Edward Earl of March, Warwick, Salisbury
Lancastrian: Henry VI, Margaret of Anjou, Duke of Buckingham.
When was the Parliament of Devils and what happened here? Who was it called by?
November 1459
York, Warwick and other Yorkists were attained for treason and sentenced to death, their lands
forfeited and their heirs lost their inheritance.
Called by Margaret of Anjou, King, and Duke of Buckingham.

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What battle did the Parliament of Devils lead to? When? Results?
Battle of Northampton, July 1460.
Led by Warwick (York still in Ireland), also Edward Earl of March proved that he was militarily skilled.
Yorkist victory. Duke of Buckingham died, the king captured.
Where did the Yorkists rally support before the Battle of Northampton? Why was this possible?
Through Kent to London.
Because merchants supported the captain of Calais, which was Warwick.…read more

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