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Language devices
used by non-fiction
writers. Which can
we recall? In a
different colour,
suggest a typical
effect of these
Hint: Think about…read more

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Question 4: Language
·16 marks
·30 minutes, including active reading time
·You need to identify 3 or 4 devices (techniques, or features)
used in two texts
·Analyse the effect of some of these devices; comment on
similarities and differences of the two texts…read more

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How is language used for
Language is always used for some kind of effect or other. Often, without commenting
on specific linguistic devices, you can talk about the kind of language a writer uses,
noticing what kind of words are used, or what kind of tone or style is created by
language and structure. Look at these examples...
The writer uses dramatic and violent language in order to describe
the horror of the attack at the end of the extract. Phrases like "chill
horror", "sudden fear" and "thunderous crack" portray the fear and
terror experienced by the Indians who are attacked.
Powerful words such as "war", "huge" and "ruining" emphasise and
perhaps exaggerate the seriousness of the issue.
The writer uses a chatty, informal tone, using contractions like "I'
m" "don't" and "can't".
Language is highly descriptive, with adjectives such as "golden"
and "spectacular" conveying the writer's appreciation for his
surroundings.…read more

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Common linguistic
· 1st, 2nd or 3rd person (narrative viewpoint)
· Directly addressing the reader
· Imperatives
· Rhetorical questions
· Register - Formal/Informal language
· Diction - Simple/Complex vocabulary
· Figurative Language & Imagery: Similes/Metaphor/
Personification etc.
· Word play & puns
· Alliteration
· Rhyme & Rhythm
· Anecdote & Allusion
· Slogan & Catchphrase
· Statistics & Facts
· Exaggeration & Hyperbole
· Repetition
· Humour…read more

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Some common linguistic devices. What
are they?
Example Name of Language
"According to UK government calculations, 214 of
the most senior eurocrats get paid more than
David Cameron's £178,000 a year."
"Human lives are nothing but a series of
unfortunate upgrades. Yes, even yours."
"Starbucks wakes up and smells the stench of tax
avoidance controversy"
"Who's opposing the benefit cap? Who's calling for
a ringfence of council tax benefits for families in
need? Who's arguing to maintain the child tax
credit threshold? Who's fighting against families
being rehoused miles away from their children's
school? Who's calling for more social housing?"
"The ferry was packed with buses, petrol tanks,
vans, land cruisers, jeeps, fuel tankers, cars ­ and
people."…read more

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