PYA4, relationships

these are the note i started to write out on the computer, in blue are questions i asked my teacher (for the reference she said there was no need for elabration) and in red are the thing i need to do finish however i'm sure it's a good start for anyone wanting to write notes.

I included pictures to, so go for visual learners :), let me know what you think :D (Y)

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  • Created on: 04-04-09 22:13
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RELATIONSHIPS








EXPLANATIONS REALTING to INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION
Physical attractiveness = important
o Positive traits associated; halo effect
Lighter criminal charges
Attractive teachers seen as nicer
However
Seen as materialistic
If crime related to attractiveness, worse sentences

Attractiveness leads to breeding success; evolutionary significance therefore men look
for women who are more…

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THEORIES of RELATIONSHIP FORMATION


Sociobiological theories;
Relationships are adaptive (promotes survival and results in successful reproduction)
"Bargaining" done between men and women because interest of men to impregnate as
many women as possible however women can't therefore ensure healthy survival of offspring
Protect relatives so reproduce and can pass on…

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MAINTENANCE of RELATIONSHIPS
Social exchange theory;
Feelings depend on profits
Relationships expensive (time, effort, energy..) and we want to receive more out of it
Relationships bring rewards (attractiveness, resources, money + status)

2 types of couples
1. Exchange couples; record kept of who is ahead of relationship (selfish)
2. Communal…

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PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS of LOVE
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love
Love consists of 3 components-
Passion; the drive that leads to physical attraction and sexual acts
Intimacy; the feeling of closeness (sharing of emotions etc)
Commitment; decision to love someone, and maintain that love

Believed type and strength of love was…

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Love as attachment (evolutionary)
Broad group of theories
Most mammals go through attachments and emotions that appear to be love
In the past 2 parents were better than one for survival

HAZAN + SHAFER (87) suggested different kinds of relationships are due to
childhood experiences. To test this they invented…

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EXPLANATIONS of the BREAKDOWN of RELATIONSHIPS

Reasons for relationship breakdown: Duck (99)
External and behavioural factors: e.g. lack of time together, lack of stimulation, lack
of social skills
Personality traits: paranoia or distasteful habits


Ducks Model of Dissolution (88): (I. Don't. Sell. Grass)
1. Intra-psychic phase; where one of the…

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CULTURAL/ SUBCULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS
INDIVIDUALISM and COLLECTIVISIM
Individualism (Western societies); refers to cultures where the emphasis is on the individual.
Dependence is not seen as particularly desirable. "I" is seen as more important the "WE".
Importance on the rights and freedom of individual.

Collectivism; "WE" over "I". Ties within collectivist groups…

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more cities/ mobility so more chance of meeting people whereas in non-western meeting
strangers is rare.
With less cities/ mobility in non-western society, arranged marriages make
sense, also 50% claim they do fall in love
In a sense, western marriages are arranged because we generally meet
people through family, friends…

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Any research conducted on homosexual relationships has been done by going into gay
bars/neighbourhoods that are largely homosexual therefore only represent urban
homosexuals.
Sensitive area therefore little agreement and lots of biast


MEDIATED RELATIONSHIPS
Online relationships proceeds from online chats rooms etc, they can start as simple as talking
online…

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