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Treatments for Schizophrenia
WJEC POTIENTIAL question: Critically consider two (or one) treatments for Schizophrenia
Blocks the D2 receptors reducing the effect of dopamine. The drug Chlorpromazine can then
reduce positive symptoms.
Strong evidence to suggest they reduce relapse rates against those on a placbo drug
(DAVIS ET AL 1980)
75% of cases developed irreversible Tardive dyskinesia
Reinforces the fact that they are ill and therefore a self-fulfilling prophecy comes into
Allows normal transmission of dopamine however blocks the D2 receptors stopping excess
dopamine entering the post-synaptic. There are lower levels of side effects produced via this as
normal levels are allowed to be transmitted.
LEUCHT ET AL (1999) found there was only a slight difference between conventional and
Only 5% taking Atypical anti-depressants found they had Tardive dyskinesia
Fewer side effects
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
To identify and correct disrupted thoughts
1. CBT Techniques
Clients are told to back track to when the symptoms originated and then to validate any thoughts
they have that seem corrupted.
2. Behavioural activation
Clients are more encouraging to try CBT as there are no drugs involved however they may not be
entirely convinced and think every one deceiving them due to their Schizophrenia. Usually
accompanied with medication to get the best results as they respond more appropriately
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GOULD ET AL found that in 7 meta-anyalsis there was a decrease in positive symptoms.
Helps explain negative symptoms however does not eliminate them
It was difficult to view a clear cause and effect as clients usually accompanied CBT with
Not everyone is suitable the clients have to full engage with the therapy to get the best
results, the older they are the less likely they are to listen.…read more