PY2 Case Studies Alternative Evidence

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Alternative Evidence
Asch ASCH's findings support JENNESS AND SHERIF findings
PERRIN AND SPENCER- repeated experiment in the 1970's, only 1 student conformed, thi
contradicts ASCH as it suggests the results are due to the time the test was conducted
NETO - found that women are more conformist than men, this develops ASCH's findings as he
only tested men
Milgram HOFFLING -investigated obedience in a hospital setting, nurses were phoned by an unknown
doctor and told to give a patient a lethal dose of a drug (this is against hospital rules to take
orders over phone). 21 out of the 22 nurses obeyed. This supports and develops MILGRAMS
study as It shows conformity in a natural setting
MILGRA M -conducted 18 variations on the original study, for example in one of the studies he
gave examples over the phone, the obedience level dropped to 21% from the original 65%. This
develops his research as it shows conformity depends on the situation
Rahe et al RUBIN used the SRE on naval aviators and found a relationship between stress and illness, this
supports RAHE, MAHAN AND ARTHUR as they found the same results
DELONGIS found a 0.59 correlation between minor hassles and next day health problems, this
develops RAHE MAHAN AND ARTHUR as it shows that not only major stresses effect health but
minor stresses also cause health problems
KIECOLT-GLASER took blood samples from students 1 month before the exams and during the
exam period. He measured the `natural killer cells' in the blood. The study found that the killer
cells were reduced during the exam period. This suggests short term stress lowers the immune
system. This develops RAHE, MAHAN AND ARTHUR as it shows how stress and illness are relate
and Marteau COOK AND MINEKA found rhesus monkeys could acquire fear through social learning to a fear
inducing stimuli. This supports BENNETT LEVY AND MARTEAU as it supports the idea of
SELIGMAN found two to four electric shocks were enough to induce a phobia of pictures of
snakes. This contradicts BENNETT LEVY AND MARTEAU as it would suggest fear is learnt
Gardener and WASHOE had adopted son LOULIS , researchers decided they were not going to sign to Loulis
Gardener apart from the 7 signs which he was taught.
Loulis learnt 50 signs by watching other chimps and mimicking them, this supports Gardeners
research as the chimp learnt sign language by watching other chimps.
TERRACE taught a chimp called NIM CHIMPSKY (named after Noam Chomsky) Nim learnt 125
signs and put them together into different combinations, however when terrace analysed this
he noticed that the language used is not the same as a child's. This contradicts the Gardeners as
this suggests chimps can't use language like a human
KANZI and MULIKA were bonobo chimpanzees that learnt to use a lexigram (a series of symbol
that represents words). Kanzi learnt through her mother MATATA. Kanzi was able to produce

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Gardeners research as it shows that chimps can use
Loftus and LOFTUS AND ZAMI- asked participants of a study `did they see a headlight' or `did they see the
Palmer headlight', more participants who had the headlight, said they seen a headlight. This develops
LOFTUS AND PALMERS research as it shows leading questions lead to false memories.
LOFTUS showed pictures of a man stealing a redwallet from a bag, they were then given an
erroneous description of a brown wallet.…read more

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This supports Rosenhan as it shows racist
stereotypes effect judgement.
Buss CUNNINGHAM- found close agreement between cultures when rating females, this supports
BUSS as they all like the same thing in each culture.
SINGH - found that males want a woman with a low hip to waist ratio, men prefer a woman with
a big bottom and a skinny waist, this supports BUSS as it supports the theory that males look fo
youthfulness and fertility.…read more


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