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Contents
Romantic relationships theories
Attraction
Formation
Maintenance
Breakdown
Human reproduction behaviour
Sexual selection
Evolutionary explanations (sex differences, investment)
Effect of early experience and culture on adult relationships
Influence of early experiences (peer relations)
Relationships in different cultures…read more

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Romantic relationships theories:
Attraction
Matching hypothesis…read more

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Matching hypothesis
We seek those who are alike ourselves
The more socially desirable a person is, the more
they would expect a potential partner to be
Couples who are matched are more likely to have
happy, enduring relationships
Choosing a partner that matches to avoid
humiliation and fear…read more

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Matching hypothesis evidence:
Walster et al. (1966/69)
Procedure
Students signed up to find their perfect partner in the "Computer
Match Dance" study
4 independent judges rated them out of 10 for looks and the average
was taken, the PPs were then completely randomly paired, except
no man was placed with a taller woman
Findings
In the first study PPs liked the more attractive PPs more and
disregarded the more `ugly' ones regardless of their similarity in
rating. This of course disproved the hypothesis
In a follow up study; PPs had the chance to meet their dates before
hand and had more time to think about the qualities they look for in
a partner. Students found more liking for those of similar
attractiveness. This supported the hypothesis…read more

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Matching hypothesis evidence:
Murstein (1972)
Theory
Argues that even if, in theory, we desire more attractive
partners, in reality we go for someone at our own level
Procedure/Findings
Studied 99 couples who were dating and compared them to
randomly paired couples ­ found that real couples were
rated as physically similar
Evaluation
PPs did not give fully informed consent
Research is not gender specific, therefore the hypothesis
can be applied universally
Evidence is ethnocentric ­ cannot be applied universally…read more

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