Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Multi-Store Memory Model (Atkinson & Shiffrin)

*Stores are unitary and separate
*Information transferred by rehearsing
*It is sequential

Information from our 5 senses, incoming information we can hold in our sensory memory but it is lost
through decay after 2-3 seconds if we don't pay attention to the information…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Found that the short term memory can hold information up to 30 seconds, unless the information is
rehearsed and transferred into our long term memory.

Conrad - Ecoding
Conrad concluded that items are stored in our short term memory in acoustic codes even when
presented visually.

Bradimonte et al (1992)…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Working Memory Model (Baddley & Hinch)

Central Executive

Episodic Buffer

Long ­Term Memory

The central Executive has no storage capacity; it allocates information to either slave system. The
episodic buffer was added by Baddley later on in 2000, it is a temporary storage it also allows
information to flow to…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Eyewitness Testimony

Schemas ­ We store memories in terms of schemas, they are mental frameworks (based on past

Eyewitness Testimony ­ Evidence given by someone who has seen an incident of a crime, inaccurate
eyewitness testimony can lead to wrongful convictions.

Bartlett (1932)
According to Bartlett when we store…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Age of witness and effect on memory

Parker & Carranza (1989)
Found that children were more likely to make errors than college students when shown a mock crime.

Dekle et al (1996)
Found children were more willing to identify a criminal in a line up than adults, but often ID…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
1. Report Everything ­ Even minimal details it can trigger memories and information
2. Reinstate The Context ­ Recreate the mental scene of the crime using all 5 senses
3. Change The Order ­ Recall the event in a different order eg. End to beginning
4. Change The Perspective ­…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »