First 455 words of the document:
Media Influences on Antisocial Behaviour
Desensitisation Frequent viewing of violence may cause children to become
desensitised. This would mean they would feel less anxious about violence and
would be more likely to behave violently.
The more aggression they watch, the more acceptable aggression becomes.
Cumberpatch people might get `used' to screen violence, but this doesn't mean
they will also get used to violent in the real world. Screen violence is more likely
to make them frightened, rather than make them frightening
Cognitive Priming After a violent programme, the viewer is ready to behave aggressively as
memories involving aggression are retrieved.
Frequent exposure to violence may lead children to store ideas for aggressive behaviour, which
may be recalled if any aspect on the viewed situation is present.
Study a group of hockey players were shown a violent film, & another group a
non-violent film with an actor holding a walkie-talkie. In a hockey game later, players
behaved most aggressively if they'd seen the violent film & the referee was holding a
walkie-talkie. The walkie-talkie was a cue for aggression.
Is it ethical to expose people to violence for research purposes? It may cause psychological harm or
induce violent behaviour. A lot of research into this area involves children, which may be particularly
damaging to their development, perhaps causing them to behave violently in the future.
Justification TV violence provides moral guidelines on what is and isn't acceptable.
When violence is justified or goes unpunished, this reduces the viewer's guilt or concern about
consequences. TV violence may also give the impression that violence can solve problems e.g. Batman
used violence to fight crime.
The TV series The A-Team presents the good guys behaving violently.
Such shows support the idea that media violence justifies the violence of
the viewer. The use of aggression by these prosocial
characters justifies their aggression, which the children
Reductionist: may not simply be due to seeing violence, may be genes etc
Support: Real Life Application - Case study of James Bulger In 1993 a 2yr old boy was
abducted and murdered by two 10yr old boys. Police found they had been exposed to
aggressive films such as `Child's Play 3,' classified as certificate 18.
The exposure to aggressive media may have contributed to their violent behaviour.
However, this link could never be proved
Despite these suggestions and research support: St. Helena case study TV was
introduced to a community but there were no differences in either prosocial or