Psychology Class notes and assessment on relationships

I just included 1 marked essay and some relationship notes. Hope you find this useful.

HideShow resource information
Preview of Psychology Class notes and assessment on relationships

First 385 words of the document:

Psychology class notes/assessments/essays FOR RELATIONSHIPS
(Got an A: 33/38 Marks for this assessment)
1. Define what reductionism is (2)
Reductionism is when a topic is minimised and focuses on aspect but not the whole
behaviour. For example, the cognitive approach focuses on the though process and
ignores other factors such as genetics 2/2
2. Identify which approach is very reductionist and be able to explain why (4)
The biological approach is very reductionist as it only explains that chemical
imbalances in the brain are the main cause of mental disorders. The approach ignores
factors such as childhood experiences which could be linked to abnormal Behaviour.
3/4
3. Define what deterministic is(2)
Deterministic is when someone doesn't have a choice hence they have no free will.
For example arranged marriages. 2/2
4. The psychodynamic approach is views as not being deterministic but other
times it can be. Explain why (4)
The psychodynamic approach is deterministic as humans have no control over their
unconscious: what is suppressed and what is not suppressed into the unconscious.
On the other hand, it may be viewed as holistic as humans have a choice about their
personality traits they want and have some control over their environment such as
exposure to the media. 4/4
5. What is the whole nature/nurture debate about? What view do most
psychologists take on this ?(4)
Nature is based on genetics whereas nurture is based on the environment and
upbringing. Behaviour has influenced the nature/nurture debate: whether behaviour is
due to genetics or the environment (learnt). Psychologists debate about his because
of empirical evidence. There is more evidence that behaviour is based on genetics i.e.
brain scanning and evidence in DNA. However, other factors such as childhood
experiences, attachment and upbringing could also impact behaviour therefore
nature and nurture influences behaviour. ¾
6. Can psychology be viewed as a science in the same way as other conventional
sciences can? What problems arise when psychology is viewed in the same
way (4)
Psychology could be viewed as a science as some experiements can be carried out in
a lab similar to conviential sciences. Also a hypothesis can be produced and a cuase

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

For example, Ainsworth experiment
which took place in a lab setting. However, there are problems that could cause
psychology to be viewed in a similar way to science. Not all variables can be measured
such as the unconscious. Also, it is unlikely that 1 approach will be studied at one
time so there could be extraneous variables. 4/4
7. How does gender bias differ from gender differences? (2)
Gender bias is when a study cant be generalised to a particular gender i.e.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Sexual selection and human reproductive behaviour
Partner selection: Examines partner preferences
Who: Dunbar and Waynforth
When: 1995
Aim: What qualities people want in a partner
Method: 900 personal adverts from North American newspapers
Results: 42% men preferred younger partners compared to ¼ of women
o Physical attractiveness-44% men 22% women
Evaluation: Cultural bias
Who: Kenrick et al
When: 1995
Aim: Compare age preferences of homosexuals and heterosexuals and how they
resembled each other
Method: 783 single adverts from New York Magazine
Result: Similar preferences in…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

A02:
-DON'T EXPLAIN WHY RELATIONSHIPS BREAKDOWN
CULTURAL BIAS (IDA WESTERN CULTURES)
NOT ALL RELATIONSHIPS GO THROUGH SAME STAGES OF BREAKING UP
DUCK `REALISTIC VIEW OF THE RELATIONSHIP I.E GRAVE DRESSING PHASE'
*LEE- SURVEY OF 112 BREAKUPS OF PREMARTIAL RELAITONSHIPS> STRONG
RELATIONSHIPS DUE TO STAGES= BUT SURVEY MEANS SOCIAL DESIREABLITY
BUT HIGH ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY
IDA (DEBATE) NOT ALL RELATIONSHIPS LAST OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME/
EXPERIENCE AL STAGES..…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »