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PAS system
SAM system
- Body's `'Stress system''
- When the sns is activated, the SAM - Controls cortisol levels
system alerts the animal through - Involves hypothalamus, pituitary gland and
release of adrenaline adrenal cortex, all help body to deal with
- Regulated by the SNS and adrenal…

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Stress Stress / Illness
Immune system: Kiecolt Glaser.

1984- acute stressors
- Natural experiment, to see if CHD
short term stressors have - Lazarus suggested that:
effect on the immune system. Sheps et al.
1. Health is affected by many different factors
- Blood samples of medical including genetic…

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Kivmaki et al- Meta
Sources of Stress
Stress analysis:
Found that after a
Life changes: Rahe study of 14 studies
Individual differences: the SRRS ignores looking at risks of
Marmot: Workplace Stress
SRRS. the fact that life changes will have
different impacts on different people. - Investigated job strain model…

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Personality Type
Type A:
Hardy Personality:
Person who needs to achieve more in less time.

Friedman and Rosenman Believed the Type A personality Kobasa et al proposed that some people are more psychologically `'hardy'' than
has: competitiveness, impatience and aggressiveness. others. The Hardy personality includes:
These characteristics would lead…

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Treatments: Drugs
Benzodiazepines (BZs) Evaluation:

- GABA is a neurotransmitter that is the body's natural form of - Ease of use:
anxiety relief. - Using drugs for stress means that the therapy requires
- BZs enhance the action of GABA by binding to special sites in little effort from…

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Psychological Treatments

Meichenbaum: SIT - Effectiveness:
- Meichenbaum compared SIT to SD and found that SIT
1. Conceptualisation phase: The therapist and client was better because it helped clients deal with non
establish a relationship, e.g. the client is taught to treated phobias also.
perceive threats as problems…


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