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Deviation from Social Norms Deviation from Ideal mental health
Definitions of
Behaviour considered anti- Jahoda pointed out that we define
social. physical illness by the absence of
People who don't follow the physical health.
codes of society are socially FFA E.g. normal blood pressure, skin
deviant. colour.
Not being…

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Biological ECT
Approach and
Cause: Used for severe depression
Assumes that all mental Unconscious, relaxed.
disorders are related to Patient given 0.6 amps for ½
Drugs seconds.
some change in the body.
These changes are due to: 3-15 treatments of ECT.
Antipsychotic drugs block
genes, biochemistry, dopamine, dopamine is…

Page 3

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Treatment: Free association:
Psychodynamic +
Individuals abnormal behaviour
Patient expresses thoughts as they Treatments
determined by underlying psychological
conflicts of which they aren't aware of,
e.g. repressed memories. Freud believed the value of free
association is that these associations are
Freud proposed that psychological
causes were the reasons…

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Causes: Behavioural and
All behaviour is learned. treatments
Maladaptive behaviours are acquired
in the same way.
Strict behaviourists believe only
behaviour is important. Treatment-SD:
Classical conditioning- learning as a Gradual exposure to the feared
result of association. stimulus.
Operating conditioning ­ learning SD is based on counter conditioning.
through consequences.…

Page 5

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Causes: Treatment: REBT:

Problems arise in the way an individual Rational emotive behavioural therapy.
thinks. Focuses on self defeating beliefs, patient
Ellis- ABC model (activating, belief, encouraged to dispute these beliefs.
consequence) Empirical disputing: self defeating beliefs may
Rational beliefs -> healthy consequences. not be consistent with reality, e.g. `'where…


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