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Slide 1

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Social Development…read more

Slide 2

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The Role of Caregiver-Infant Interactions In
the Development of Attachment
· 1. Imitation
· 2. Interactional Synchrony
· 3. Physical Contact
· 4. Sensitive Responsiveness
· 5. Modified Language (motherese)…read more

Slide 3

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1. Imitation
· The capacity of even very young infants to
imitate adults facial expressions has provided
some of the most convincing evidence that
children are innately social beings and take an
active part in relationship formation in the
first months of life.
· IMITATION | Facial Expressions | Innate social
beings |…read more

Slide 4

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Research Support: Imitation
· Melzoff and Moore: investigated facial expressions in infants of 2-3 weeks.
· Infants presented a set of three facial expressions
· Dummy positioned in babies mouth to prevent any expression before and during
the behavior model
· Dummy removed ­ immediate recording of response/behavior of infant ­ judges
asked to rate the response for likeness to any of the four target behaviors
· Significant association ­ model behavior and infant behavior…read more

Slide 5

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Research Support: Evaluation
· Not a naturalistic setting ­ difficult to
generalise/lack ecological validity
· Control Variable ­ the data could be
reproduced/increase the reliability of the
· Young babies are not intentionally social and
will respond in a similar way to inanimate
objects such as an approaching pen (Jacobsen)…read more

Slide 6

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2. Interactional Synchrony
· Recogonised how babies would co-ordinate
their actions in times with adult speech.
· Taking turns to contribute to the
· Frame by frame analysis: babies movement ­
adult conversation: found that babies would
move in time with the rhythm of the
conversation, engaging in a subtle form of
turn-taking…read more

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