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Psychological Explanations of OCD


Behavioural Approach
Obsessions
1. A neutral stimulus becomes associated with anxiety through classical conditioning
2. The anxiety associated with this stimulus is maintained by avoiding
the negative event, providing negative reinforcement
Compulsions
1. Rituals are learned to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession
2. Ritual…

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People with OCD seem to have different thinking patterns
1. They believe they have greater control over the world
If they perform a certain action, it may prevent an event
If things don't go as planned, i.e. they lose control, they become anxious
2. They have more intrusive thoughts (conclusion…

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