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THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH
· `Psychodynamic' refers to a group of explanations that try to
account for the dynamics of behaviour, or the forces that motivate
it.…read more

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FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY
· The Id
The irrational, primitive part of your personality. It demands
immediate satisfaction and is ruled by the pleasure principle.
· The Ego
The conscious, rational part of your personality, this develops because
the young child must deal with the constraints of reality rather than
immediate satisfaction of urges ­ the reality principle.
· The Superego
Develops between the ages of 3 and 6. It embodies he conscious and
our sense of right and wrong, as well as notions of our ideal self.…read more

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EGO DEFENCES
· The ego mediates between the id and superego, coping with the
conflicting demands.
· The id, ego and superego face conflict because each represents
different motives ­ pleasure, reality and ideal behaviour.
· Conflicts cause the individual to experience anxiety.
· In order to reduce this anxiety, the ego uses defences mechanisms.
· The includes repression, projection, denial, displacement,
regression and intellectualisation.
· The ego-defences are unconscious.…read more

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BASIC PRINCIPLES
· Unconscious motivation
The unconscious mind exerts a powerful effect on behaviour through
the influence of emotions or trauma that have previously been
repressed into the conscious but continue to influence behaviour. This
can lead to distress, as the person does not understand why they are
acting in a particular way. The underlying problem cannot be
controlled until it has been brought into conscious awareness.…read more

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BASIC PRINCIPLES
· Mental disorders are psychological not physical
Freud believed schizophrenia and depression were not physical in
origin but were the result of unresolved childhood experiences.…read more

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