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Psychodynamic Approach
1. a) Outline the two assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach. [4 marks]
b) Describe the Theory of Personality Development. [8marks]
S ­ state
E ­ explain
X ­ example
One assumption of the Psychodynamic Approach (P.A) is that the mind is split into 3 parts. The Id
(present from birth), works on the Pleasure Principle and is the animalistic, impulsive part of the
brain.…read more

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Describe how the Psychodynamic Approach has been applied to Dream Analysis. [12 marks]
One of the main assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach (P.A) is that the unconscious mind
can influence behaviour, and that abnormal behaviour such as a fear can reside in the unconscious
mind . This is why the aim of any therapy is to access this part of the mind through dreams .…read more

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Evaluate two strengths of the Psychodynamic Approach. [6marks]
b) Evaluate two weakness of the Psychodynamic Approach. [6marks]
One strength of the Psychodynamic Approach (P.A) is that it is useful and has been successfully
applied to the `real world' through its therapies to treat people with abnormal behaviour like fears.
For example Bergin in 1971 found that Dream Analysis had a 83% success rate and gave a detailed
insight into the patient's life.…read more

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Explain and evaluate the methodology used by the Psychodynamic Approach. [12 marks]
E explain
X ­ example
E ­ evaluate
A apply
The Psychodynamic Approach (P.A) uses ideographic methodologies like Case Studies study the
reasons behind behaviour. This is because it believes in the uniqueness and individuality of each
and every person, and so the patient is studied and observed over a great deal of time to get a
detailed insight into their lives.…read more


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