PSYB3 Child Development Past Paper Questions

PSYB3 Child Development Past Paper Questions - all up to 2014

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Psychology Unit 3 Small Questions
Child Development
Specimen
1. Suggest three behavioural categories that could be used by researchers in an observational study of
friendship in children aged four years. (3 marks)
2. Describe and briefly evaluate one psychological explanation of why a young child might be rejected by his
or her peers. (5 marks)
January 2010
1. Describe one method psychologists have used to measure attachment. (3 marks)
2. Briefly evaluate the method you have described in your answer to (a)(i). (3 marks)
3. Charlie who is eight years old has just started at a new school where he does not know any of the other
children. At playtime, he finds that lots of children want to play with him. When his mother comes to pick
him up, she tells the teacher, "I hope Charlie was all right today. He usually finds it easy to make friends. He
is very popular."
4. Using your knowledge of psychology, suggest two likely causes of Charlie's popularity. (2 marks)
January 2011
1. Psychologists studied sex differences in children's friendships. They observed the playground behaviour of
20 boys and 20 girls at a primary school. They observed the social behaviour of individual boys and girls
and categorised each child as either `playing in pairs' or `playing in a large group'.
2. Using your psychological knowledge of sex differences in children's friendships, explain the likely outcome
of this investigation. (2 marks)
3. Briefly evaluate the use of the observational method as a way of studying children's friendships. (3 marks)
4. Briefly discuss one possible longterm consequence of rejection by peers. Refer to psychological research
into children's friendships in your answer. (3 marks)
June 2011
1. Outline one longterm consequence of privation. (2 marks)
A psychologist decided to carry out an observational study of the effects of privation on social behaviour.
She observed a 6yearold child who had been isolated for most of his life and had grown up in harsh
circumstances. The child was observed interacting with peers in a playroom. The psychologist devised a

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Explain why it was important that the psychologist could not be seen by the child during the observation. (2
marks)
3. The psychologist carried out this observation on her own. Suggest one way in which this investigation might
have been improved. (1 mark)
4. Identify and briefly discuss one case of extreme privation that has previously been investigated by
psychologists. (3 marks)
January 2012
In an experimental study of attachment, a psychologist selected 40 young children.…read more

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Choose an experimental design that the psychologist could use to test this hypothesis.
Explain how this design would be used. You should also identify the independent variable and the
dependent variable. (3 marks)
3. Low status is one cause of childhood rejection. Briefly outline one other cause of childhood rejection that
has been identified by psychologists. (1 mark)
June 2013
1. Describe one way in which psychologists have investigated caregiverinfant interaction in humans. Refer to
a specific study in your answer. (3 marks)
2.…read more

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